public speaking final

public speaking final - Study Guide for Communication 1200...

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Study Guide for Communication 1200 Final Exam Test questions Ch. 9- Objectives 1. List and describe five patterns for organizing the main ideas of a speech. 2. Chronological- organization by time or sequence 3. Topical- organization according to recency, primacy, complexity, or speaker’s discretion 4. Spatial- organization based on location or position 5. Cause and effect: organization that focuses on a situation and its causes or a situation and its effects 6. Problem and solution: Organization that focuses on a problem and then various solutions or a solution and then the problems it would solve. 7. 8. Explain how organizational strategies can vary according to culture : Each culture teaches its members patterns of thought and organization that are considered appropriate for various occasions and audiences. Speakers from different cultures are not as linear as U.S. speakers- other speakers may go off on tangents, use 9. 10. List five patterns of organization applicable to subpoints. 11. Primacy: most important material first 12. Recency: most important material last 13. Specificity: specific info to general overview or from general overview to specific information. 14. Complexity: from simple to more complex material 15. Soft to hard: from opinion or hypothetical illustration to fact or statistic. 16. 17. Describe how to integrate supporting material into a speech. 18. State the point, cite the source of the supporting material, present the supporting material, and explain how the supporting material
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substantiates or develops the point. Do not assume the audience will automatically make the connection. 19. 20. List and explain four organizational strategies specifically adapted to supporting material. 21. 22. List and define three types of verbal and nonverbal speech signposts. 23. Signposts: words and gestures that allow you to move smoothly from one idea to the net throughout your speech, showing relationships between ideas and emphasizing important points. 24. Transition: verbal: repeating a key word from an earlier statement or by using a synonym or pronoun that refers to an earlier key word or idea- one sentence flows smoothly into the next. Nonverbal: change in facial expression, pause, altered vocal pitch. 25. Previews: statement of what is to come. Audience members will first anticipate and later remember the important points of the speech. Initial preview. ..internal preview 26. Summaries: last exposure of ideas, leaves no doubt as to the important points of the speech 27. 28. Explain how visual aids can supplement signposts . 29. Can help audience remember your organization if you provide visual support for your signposts, especially if the speech is long. 2) Using the hypothetical topic, "Travel in the United States ," select an
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course COMM 2100 taught by Professor Overby during the Fall '08 term at Missouri (Mizzou).

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public speaking final - Study Guide for Communication 1200...

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