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Unformatted text preview: Rules Committee-The Committee on Rules, or (more commonly) Rules Committee, is a committee of the United States House of Representatives . Rather than being responsible for a speciFc area of policy, as most other committees are, it is in charge of determining under what rule other bills will come to the oor. As such, it is one of the most powerful committees, and often described as "an arm of the leadership" and as the "tra f c cop" of Congress. Electoral college -An electoral college is a set of electors who are empowered to elect a candidate to a particular o f ce . Often these electors represent a di F erent organization or entity , with each organization or entity represented by a particular number of electors or with votes weighted in a particular way. Many times, though, the electors are simply important persons whose wisdom , it is hoped, would provide a better choice than a larger body. The system can ignore the wishes of a general membership, whose thinking need not be considered. When applied on a national scale, such as the election of a country's leader, the popular vote can on occasion run counter to the electoral college's vote, and for this reason, there are some who feel that the system is a distortion of true democrac Line item veto-In government , the line-item veto is the power of an executive to nullify or "cancel" speciFc provisions of a bill, usually budget appropriations, without vetoing the entire legislative package. The line-item vetoes are usually subject to the possibility of legislative override as are traditional vetoes. Executive privilege -In the United States government , executive privilege is the power ( reserve power ) claimed by the President of the United States and other members of the executive branch to resist certain search warrants and other interventions by the legislative and judicial branches of government. The concept of executive privilege is not mentioned in the United States Constitution , but some consider it to be an element of the separation of powers doctrine, and/or derived from the supremacy of executive branch in its own area of Constitutional activity.  The Supreme Court conFrmed the legitimacy of this doctrine in United States v. Nixon , Spoils system -In the politics of the United States , a spoils system is an informal practice where a political party, after winning an election, gives government jobs to its voters as a reward for working toward victory, and as an incentive to keep working for the partyas opposed to a system of awarding o f ces on the basis of some measure of merit independent of political activity ( merit system ). Legislative veto-A legislative veto exists in governments that separate executive and legislative functions if actions by the executive can be rejected by the legislative....
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