American Government

American Government - American Government ← Liberalism-...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: American Government ← Liberalism- • Not the dreaded “L” word of the GOP • From liberalis (free men) • Philosophy of social order that emerges in Europe in the 16 th and 17 th centuries o The organizations of society • Fundamentally, a toleration of diversity o Understanding that it is ok to be who you are o Develop individually • Strong individuals, weak government ← Representation • Premised on liberalism • Not direct democracy o Ancient greek -demos+kratia o True democracy the people embody the government • “Representation” is a new word o OED lists first political usage as 1769 (Burke) o Latin re+presentare o Assumes a diversity of interests in society o Ancient greeks would not have accepted this • They wanted a common goal ← Ancient Greeks (Plato, Aristotle) • Believed in natural order, great chain of being • Man was a political animal (politikon zoon) • Basic question: how ought man to order his political life? o How can government cultivate virtue? • Answers(s) o Ideally: communism, philosopher king o In practice government by active citizens • Ancient greek thought that the role of the city state was to make you(men) a better person • The polis ruled…..it did not represent o Government embodied the people, their common interest o Citizens were active and engaged o Factions were considered selfish • Possible because the small nature of the polis o Limited citizenship Greek tradition • Greek notion prevailed through the middle ages o Shored up by • Divine right of kings • Catholic church • Monopolization of military power • Limited education/information ← Transition • Consensus begins to crumble at the end of the middle ages • Societies beginto diversify and modernize o Economics- feudalism yields to capitalism o Religious reformation o Science (gunpowder, optics, printing press) o Education ( Oxbridge, Sorbonne, Bologna) • New intellectual basis needed for legitimate government ← Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) • Materialist, pessimist, coward • Critic of Aristotle • State of nature o Not in a polis or a city state • Social contract leads to Leviathan o Government by consent o We can do better • Government represents authority of people • “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short” • any government is better than the state of nature • we are fundamentally equal ← John Lock(1632-1704) • Link between Hobbes & American revolution • Rights in the state of nature o Life liberty property o If government threatens these…revolt o Government should protect interests • Not leviathan • But umpire ← Declaration is a list of charges against George III • 27 specific charges American Constitution ← #1 Representation •...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course COMM 2100 taught by Professor Overby during the Fall '08 term at Missouri (Mizzou).

Page1 / 23

American Government - American Government ← Liberalism-...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online