208917213-Chapter-3-Group-4-Tuesday-Morning.pdf - Chapter...

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Chapter 3: Personality and ValuesPersonality and values are major shapers of behavior. In order for managers to predict behavior,they must know the personalities of those who work for them. Understanding personalities, nationalculture and personal values can help managers increase organizational outcomes and better predictbehavior.Firstly,Personalitycan be thought of as the sum total of ways in which an individual reacts toand interacts with others. Personality contains personality traits; major personality attributesinfluencing OB, personality and national culture.Personality Traitsis characteristics that describean individual’s behavior which are exhibited in a large number of situations. Moreover, there aretwo of the dominant approaches for describing relevant personality traits which are the MBTI andthe Big Five Model.The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator(MBTI). This the most widely used instrument in the world.Respondents are asked a series of situational questions and their answers are categorized on 4 scales(Extraverted/Introverted, Sensing/Intuitive, Thinking/Feeling, and Judging/Perceiving) to determinepersonality type. To more detail, extroverted people tend to be outgoing, sociable, and assertive;however, introverts are quiet and shy. Sensing types are practical and be more focused on detailswhile intuitive look at the big picture. Thinking types use reason and logic to handle problems;unlike feeling types, they rely on their personal values and emotions. Lastly, judging types wantthings to be ordered and structured though perceiving types are flexible and spontaneous. For

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Term
Winter
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Personality Psychology, Big Five personality traits

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