Transformational leadershipand personal outcomes:empowerment as mediatorVenkat R. KrishnanOrganizational Behavior,Great Lakes Institute of Management, Chennai, IndiaAbstractPurpose– Creating and maintaining sustainable businesses require an understanding of the role ofleadership in enhancing personal outcomes of employees, and of the processes by which they can beenhanced. The purpose of this paper is to report a study on analyzing how transformational leadershipis related to followers’ meaning in life and subjective wellbeing, with psychological empowermentbeing a mediating variable.Design/methodology/approach– Data were collected from 285 managers (69 females and 215males) of a large manufacturing organization in western India. They responded to questions abouttheir superior’s transformational leadership and their own empowerment, meaning in life and wellbeing.Findings– Empowerment mediated the relationship between transformational leadership andfollower’s meaning in life and wellbeing.Research limitations/implications– Same-source bias is a possible limitation of the study.Leader’s self-rating on transformational leadership could be taken, but it would not be as valid as therating given by followers. Another limitation is the collection of all data at the same time.Practical implications– The strong and positive relationship between empowerment and meaningin life sheds light on making followers see greater meaning in life. Attempts to enhance meaning inlife should first focus on increasing self-efficacy. If followers do not have faith in their own capabilityto do their job, it may not be possible for them to see meaning in life.Originality/value– This study adds to the existing literature by clarifying the process by whichtransformational leaders enhance followers’ meaning in life and subjective wellbeing.KeywordsTransformational leadership, Empowerment, Self-efficacy, Meaning in life,Subjective wellbeing, India, Manufacturing industriesPaper typeResearch paperCreating and maintaining sustainable businesses require an understanding of the roleof leadership in addressing personal outcomes of employees. Happiness is a commongoal of everyone and most other things are possibly means to that goal. Personaloutcomes of employees like meaning in life and subjective well-being have becomean important concern for organizations in the intense competition for attracting andretaining talent. Meaning in life makes one’s life purposeful and subjective well-beingis about being happy; these are important dimensions of anyone’s life, and peopleexpect work organizations to contribute to them. Focussing only on work-relatedoutcomes may not be sufficient anymore. There is a need to better understand theprocesses by which desirable personal outcomes of employees can be enhanced.