5. Transformational Leadership And Personal Outcomes - Empowerment As Mediator

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Transformational leadership and personal outcomes: empowerment as mediator Venkat R. Krishnan Organizational Behavior, Great Lakes Institute of Management, Chennai, India Abstract Purpose – Creating and maintaining sustainable businesses require an understanding of the role of leadership in enhancing personal outcomes of employees, and of the processes by which they can be enhanced. The purpose of this paper is to report a study on analyzing how transformational leadership is related to followers’ meaning in life and subjective wellbeing, with psychological empowerment being a mediating variable. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected from 285 managers (69 females and 215 males) of a large manufacturing organization in western India. They responded to questions about their superior’s transformational leadership and their own empowerment, meaning in life and wellbeing. Findings – Empowerment mediated the relationship between transformational leadership and follower’s meaning in life and wellbeing. Research limitations/implications – Same-source bias is a possible limitation of the study. Leader’s self-rating on transformational leadership could be taken, but it would not be as valid as the rating given by followers. Another limitation is the collection of all data at the same time. Practical implications – The strong and positive relationship between empowerment and meaning in life sheds light on making followers see greater meaning in life. Attempts to enhance meaning in life should first focus on increasing self-efficacy. If followers do not have faith in their own capability to do their job, it may not be possible for them to see meaning in life. Originality/value – This study adds to the existing literature by clarifying the process by which transformational leaders enhance followers’ meaning in life and subjective wellbeing. Keywords Transformational leadership, Empowerment, Self-efficacy, Meaning in life, Subjective wellbeing, India, Manufacturing industries Paper type Research paper Creating and maintaining sustainable businesses require an understanding of the role of leadership in addressing personal outcomes of employees. Happiness is a common goal of everyone and most other things are possibly means to that goal. Personal outcomes of employees like meaning in life and subjective well-being have become an important concern for organizations in the intense competition for attracting and retaining talent. Meaning in life makes one’s life purposeful and subjective well-being is about being happy; these are important dimensions of anyone’s life, and people expect work organizations to contribute to them. Focussing only on work-related outcomes may not be sufficient anymore. There is a need to better understand the processes by which desirable personal outcomes of employees can be enhanced.

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