LaborHistoryJanuary28 - Labor History January 28, 2008...

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Labor History January 28, 2008 Office Hours: Cowie: Monday/Wednesday 10:00 a.m. -11:15 a.m. Rosemary: Wednesday 1:00 p.m.-2:00 p.m. Thursday 10 a.m. – 11:30 a.m. I. Eugene Debs/ Pullman a. Debs- Craft Unionist originally i. Believed in skill, pride, manliness, power on job and occupational status had to do with civil virtue ii. Brotherhood of locomotive engineers iii. Industrial uprising- Debs was very critical of everyone uprising 1. Too optimistic 2. Critical of knights of labor because they were too inclusive iv. CHANGE: Debs began to think he was wrong 1. Decided that one cannot fight aggregates of wealth with fragmentation 2. 1891 abandoned craft unionism and started American Railway Union (ARU) a. Inclusive of all b. If you had anything to do with railroads, you could be in the union c. Railroads were the central industry- biggest/best 3. 1890’s were a depression for the US a. During 1892, James Jay Hill ordered third wage cut in three months b. Debs got Hill to back down with the power of the ARU- mindboggling because it was a first c. ARU became super popular d. 1894 ARU had biggest following of any union b. George Pullman- President of Pullman Palace Car Company i. Famous for making extravagant railway cars ii. Self-made millionaire iii. Not a robber baron (at first…)
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LaborHistoryJanuary28 - Labor History January 28, 2008...

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