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Document #9.pdf - Theories for Lifespan Psychology CHAPTER...

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Theories for Lifespan PsychologyCHAPTER 9:Erik Erikson: Adolescents struggle with identity and role confusion. They use their formaloperational thinking to try out as many things as they can to find their niches and their identityis. Those who find their identities find intimate and sharing relationships. If not, isolation.4 Identity statuses:Diffusion: Overwhelmed finding an identity and do little to accomplish the taskForeclosure: Identities determined by adults instead of themselves.Moratorium: Exploring different identities but haven’t found one that works for them.Achievement: Exploration leads to finding a specific identity.Social Cognitive Career Theory: Progressing to vocation needs self-efficacy. As kids succeedand fail, they get an idea on their abilities, figuring the outcomes of what they do, leading todefining what their interests are (cause we like what we’re good at).CHAPTER 10:Erickson: There’s a conflict between intimacy vs isolation. Once our identities are established,we can create a shared identity with others (intimacy).Identity is crucial cause if we fail to do so in a relationship, we’re either afraid to share ouridentities or we might rely on our partners for our sense of identity.Erikson’s theory on intimacy is conflicting because some resolve intimacy issues beforesolving identity issuesStructure of Intelligence: Organizing interrelated intellectual abilities of an individual in 5 levels.Level #1 (The lowest) : Individual Test questions that people must answerLevel #2 (Slightly Higher): Individual questions are compiled into intelligence testsLevel #3: Relationships amongst intelligence test scores show Primary mental abilities.Level #4: Secondary Mental Ability: Interrelationships among primary mental abilities.Level 5 (Top): General Intelligence: Interrelationships with secondary mental abilities.There are 5 representative mental abilitiesNumber: Basic skills underlying mathematical reasoningWord Fluency: How easily we produce verbal descriptions of thingsVerbal meaning: Our vocabulary abilityInductive reasoning: Our ability to extrapolate from particular facts to general conceptsSpatial Orientation: Our ability to reason in the 3-D world
Post-formal operational thought (I just made it up) differentiates adolescent + adult thought.An adult will approach a situation based on context, ambiguity, emotion, subjective factors andcontradictions into account, when deciding a realistic and reasonable solution unlike a teen.Reflective Judgment: How adults solve and justify dilemmas involving current affairs, religion,science, personal relationships and the like.Emotional Intelligence: Ability to correctly recognize their own + other’s emotions, differentiateemotions and use this thinking to guide their thinking and behavior. This increases with agebut it can sometimes decline later in life. Can be viewed 2 ways1: A person’s self-perceived dispositions and abilities.

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