1Taste and PerceptionJennifer N. MartinezPerception PSYC-304Dr. Erica DurbinMay 23, 2021
2Although the sense of taste is not, by comparison, one of the most powerful senses inhumans, it is vitally important. The sense of taste is located in the oral cavity, where tastereceptors are responsible for relaying information regarding taste. It is one of the five senses thathuman beings possess, and it is closely related to that sense of smell.The sense of taste has thefunction of protecting the body from unsafe foods, which usually have unpleasant flavors. Still, itindisputably becomes a well-appreciated sense because it allows having feelings induce by aparticular flavor. In this way, human beings are able to distinguish and select between thosefoods that are to their liking and which are not. This essay will discuss the sense of taste and thestructures that make the flavor experience possible.
3Physiological UnderpinningsStructureTaste or gustation is one of the chemical senses that allow human beings todifferentiate between different flavors and textures. This process involves outside moleculesbinding to receptors located in the oral cavity that generate the sensation of flavor.The oralcavity is lined by stratified squamous epithelium that forms clusters of bumps calledpapillaewhich contain the structures for gustatory transduction (Betts, 2013). Substances must be firstdiluted in saliva and thus penetrate the pores to come in contact with taste receptors.Tastereceptors areprimarily found on the tongue's surface; It was believed that taste receptors wereonly located and divided into sections around the tongue. However, taste receptors aredistributed on the tongue, the palate, and to a lesser extent, the epiglottis,pharynx, and larynx(Roper, 2012).The tongue contains four types of papillae or taste buds. Taste buds are peripheralchemosensory organs interacting with each other during gustatory stimulation (Roper, 2012). The