1 Chapter 8 - Allusion - allusion a reference to something in history or previous literature - allusions are a means of reinforcing the emotion or the ideas of one’s own work with the emotion/ ideas of another work/occasion; extremely useful to poet as it is impactful and compactful 91. “Out, Out - “ 1. The poem is different than a newspaper article reporting on the subject as in that the poem accounts for the feeling of the story, something the newspaper could not do. The newspaper would almost be prose in that it would just account for what happened on the day: Little Boy, Age 8, Dies in Freak Accident. The poem however accounts for the noises of the day, saying the saw “snarled and rattled”. It also accounts for the scent of the supper as “sweet scented stuff” rose as the breeze drew it closer to the boys nose. As Chapter 1 of this book mentions, the poem accounts for the experience of the whole fiasco, not just the factual details. 2. They is referring to everyone I think but the family. Many of the medical personal attendants see this on a daily basis; they have become desensitized to death. For all we know, there may be another call. The boy seeks aid in his sister moments before his death. I would surmise that their relationship is typical and loving. So it would not make sense to include the family into they. The poem works much better with this ending because it prompts the reader to consider the coldness of whoever “they” is. A sappy ending would be cliche and trite. 3. An anaphora is used in lines 21-22 as the the word “half” is repeated. Life is also a metaphor for blood, as the life is pouring out the kid’s severed hand. 92. MacBeth It at first presents the metaphor of a candle representing the flame of someone’s life. The speech then goes on to present life as a bumbling fool on a play stage, “strutting and fretting” during his hour on the stage, when finally the fool is “hear no more”. Life is put into a metaphor by being represented by “sound and fury”, representing the experiences we have. 93. in Just- 1. The balloonman is called goat footed to allude to a mythological story that involves anything with a man that appears to be goatish from the waist down. As this chapter encourages to research the allusions if one does not have the historical knowledge to identify them, I know that the goat-footed man may be a reference to a satyr. Satyrs are often drunk and filled with lust.