Chapter 7: Figurative Language 3 paradox - an apparent contradiction that is nevertheless somewhat true - contradiction usually stems from one of the words being used figuratively or in more than one sense - value of paradox is its shock value; its seeming impossibility startles the reader into attention, and by the fact of its absurdity, it underscores the truth 74. Much madness is divinest sense 1. The resolution is that the poem cannot be taken as a rule of a thumb, but more of an exception to the rule imposed by the “majority”. “to a discerning eye” implies that one who has good taste and a keen sense of judgment, being insane really is a way of sanity. However, it is the speakers definition of sanity that resolves the paradox. According to the speaker, insanity is when one”demurs” or objects against the majority.Sanity is when one “assents” to the majority. If you do not assent, one is labeled as insane and dangerous. The paradox is in that the only majority finds one insane, when really, the speaker is just attempting to speak against a majority. 2.The speaker does not believe the majority is correct because the speaker believes that she has a “discerning” eye. Even if the majority were right, the speaker believes that her taste is much more exceptional and superior to that of the majority, as she has an inclination to disagree or be an individual. The last fives line extend beyond the subject because the speaker sets up the parameters of how one is deemed insane. It does not become a meer contrast between sanity and insanity because the speaker and the majority create a paradox. The majority believes one is insane if one has a dissenting opinion. The speaker believes one is insane if they stay with the majority. That is the paradox of the poem. -overstatement, or hyperbole, is simply exaggeration, but exaggeration in the service of truth - paradoxical that one can emphasize a truth either by overstating it or by understating it 75. The Sun Rising 1. offices- duties that one can have; alchemy- the medieval forerunner of chemistry, based on the supposed transformation of matter 2. The time of day is the morning; the locale is Donne’s bed. The three person’s involved are the sun, the speaker, and the speaker’s lover. 3. Stanza one and two are written with contempt by the speaker. The speaker calls the sun an “old, busy fool” in stanza 1; in stanza 2, the speaker thinks he more important in the sun as he can simply “eclipse” his eyes and “cloud” the sun’s rays. Stanza 3 however changes to a tone of more regretful and pitiful, as the sun could be “as happy” as the speaker and his lover. The tone completely changes as the speaker says that instead of the world being illuminated, the sun must now only illuminate the bedroom of the two lovers.
- Fall '11
- Irony, Sound, And, Sense, Duke