historytest1 - History Test#1 1865 end of Civil War 1877 end of Reconstruction Reconstruction Amendments 13th Amendment Was ratified in 1865 Slavery

historytest1 - History Test#1 1865 end of Civil War 1877...

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History Test #1 1865 end of Civil War 1877 end of Reconstruction Reconstruction Amendments 13 th Amendment Was ratified in 1865 Slavery abolished 14 th Amendment Was ratified in 1869 Definition of a citizen, gives them due process, equal protection. Male suffrage, restricts states, life liberty & property 15 th Amendment Ratified in 1870 Full male suffrage Compromise of 1877 1 st mass industrial strike railroads, anarchy to the heart of citizens In November 1876 there was a tie, IN EXCHANGE…No longer an election dispute.
GAPE Guilded Age Progressive Era From 1877 to 1920 Guilded Age means “lined in gold” AKA “U2” Twain said that there was too much at the core that wasn’t gold and there would be problems URBANIZATION-INDUSTRIALIZATION-IMMIGRATION Not centered on agriculture, but on industry “3 BIG MIGS” (migrations) of Guilded Age From European cities to the West In 1800 less than 3% live in cities (6,000) 6 cities In 1930 majority live in cities Pittsburgh 1865-1910, 15 million from rural to cities Steel, elevators, subways are started in era 70,000 to 10 million tons per year more than many other countries combined Besemer= more steal, quicker, and cheaper In 1870 1.5 billion, in 1990 4.5 billion Transition from craftsman’s to just workers. From 8 to 28 workers Creation of industrial Models
Transition from shops to factory system In a small shop one person makes all parts, in a factory every person knows how to do all parts but specializes in one part. (More watches, less money) 70%, 6 days a week, 450 dollars a year, 60 hours a week Steel profits are more then government budget Guilded Age immigration To industrial north, mostly 1870-1910, 35 million people move to US which is about the US population at the time ¼ leave back out of the 35 million Come from primarily southern and eastern Europe Language differences The scale and source of change causing to loose “Americanism” Push pull migration, push out by murdering, push in money City machine, machine politics, political favors in exchange for food and shelter This corrupted democratic ways, those immigrating do not know democratic ways South Almost bypassed by U2 Small pockets of urban industry Extreme railroad growth
In 1860, south 4 th richest in the world In 1865, south one of the poorest Slavery ended, and slaves were wealth The war destroyed the south In 1900 the income is ½ of national average And did not reach 75% of pre-war land, because of climate, labor, and land Sharecropping: growing cotton and keeping it as wages, more control over labor time and wage Tenant farming: To pay rent, rent is cotton This is a downward cycle of debt Croppers and tenants cannot pay debt until crops are ready and that is if it is enough to pay it So they decide to grow twice as much, and cotton farms double all over the worlds, so it is more abundant and makes cotton cheaper and more of it Frederick Jackson Turner Author of frontier experience Explains American development The ending of the frontier closes the first chapter of American history Homestead Act: Token fee, 160 acres, given to farm it Railroad Enabling Act:

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