Notes pt. 1 - Lecture #2 Tigris and Euphrates Rivers The...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture #2 Tigris and Euphrates Rivers The Fertle Crecent Mesopotamia 17/09/2007 15:57:00 Mesopotamia Since c. 6500 BCE o BCE = before the common Era First: The Sumerian Period o C. 3500- c. 1900 BCE o Focused in the city of Sumer o Invasion before 3500 Non-Semitic Language Cities (Ur, Langash, Uruk) Many Swamps In order to build cities they had to drain swamps, but it was not permanent, so they had to keep doing it. We know the flood stories because they were writing Cuneiform Written on clay tablets Religion Polytheism Had multiple gods Saw them as humans and animals o Big eyes, wavy hair Around 2340 was the next invasion Semitic/local Sargon of Agade What changes and what doesnt Sargon Just like Moses He is the hero They had a 300 year drought Huge eruption in turkey and it changed the weather pattern Same area where the swamps were at Since they had irrigation the city didnt die, but people started to move to the lower cities and since there werent many people left, they were invaded again. The Babylonian Period c.1900 c. 1500 BCE Another local invasion Amorites The drought was over so they formed a new capital New Capital Babylon Advances in Mathematics First known written law code o Hammurabis Code (c.1792 1750) Hittie and Assyrian Periods Hitties and Assyrians form empires that exist until the 6 th century BCE Ninevah Lecture #3 The Ancient Near East Nubia, Egypt, Judea, Phoenicia 17/09/2007 15:57:00 Nubia South of Ancient Egypt o Southern most part? Nubia c. 3800 c. 3100 o Was taken over by Egypt and all the people were enslaved o Developed the Pharaonic system of Monoarchy o Why dont we know more Because we dont have a continuous record. Egypt c.3100- 1087 BCE Started to get record in 3100 when they conquered Nubia Water System o The Nile River provides the only fertle land Because it floods Land on both sides are fertle o The Nile and its floods Isis and Osiris (bro and sis to marry) Love consecrated in the womb The other brother gets jealous and kills Osiris, so Isis goes and hides by the nile when she is pregnant and the river floods because of her weeping. The Grain Belt They were able to make Papyrus and Linens Agriculture was very important Three Kingdoms o Sence of History o Monarchy Pharaoh Strong monarchy tied to the Gods We know all of this because they wrote it....
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 121 taught by Professor Goldy during the Spring '08 term at Miami University.

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Notes pt. 1 - Lecture #2 Tigris and Euphrates Rivers The...

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