Lecture 3The discourse of development: understanding and questioning the idea of poverty
Lecture outline•What is poverty? How do we recognize it?•The rise of the idea of development•The political significance of undeveloped – underdeveloped•A.G. Frank and the rise of dependency theory
What is poverty?•How do we recognize poverty?•What does it mean to be poor? •What are the stereotypical images of poverty we see in the media? What message do they convey?
The rise of the idea of development•Marshall Plan (1947-1951) – onset of the Cold War •Anti-colonial struggles in Asia and Africa, and rise of nationalism in Latin America.•Fear of communism and overpopulation.•Faith in science and technology.
The idea of development and the modernization of poverty•Rostow’s theory of modernization: the 5 stages of growth•The rise of development studies•Social life as a technical problem
Representations engendered by development•What are the consequences of the discourseof development?