Kant2 - What is the good will? What is DUTY? FOUR TYPES OF...

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PHIL 111 - Kain What is the good will? What is DUTY? FOUR TYPES OF ACTION: I. Action contrary to duty (whether useful or not). II. Action in accordance with duty, performed from some indirect inclination . ADAM the actuarial shopkeeper- not overcharging children for selfish reason. III. Action in accordance with duty, performed from a direct inclination to do the action. SARA the sympathetic neighbor- acting beneficently out of sympathy. IV. Action in accordance with duty , performed from duty , DAVID the dutiful- cold and indifferent, yet beneficent REAL MORAL WORTH “To have moral worth, an action must be done from duty .”(390) - not the purpose - not the effect - THE MAXIM / PRINCIPLE OF THE WILL: respect for the law The “pre-eminent good” is found in the person who acts from duty.
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PHIL 111 - Kain What is “unworthy” about type-III actions? -Self-interest is not a morally reliable motive. - Sympathy is not morally reliable either:
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Kant2 - What is the good will? What is DUTY? FOUR TYPES OF...

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