Kant1 - PHIL 111 - Kain This is supposed to be apparent to...

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PHIL 111 - Kain IMMANUEL KANT (1724-1804) “Nothing in the world – indeed nothing even beyond the world – can possibly be conceived which could be called good without qualification except a good will .”(386) - talents of mind (ex. intelligence) can be misused - qualities of temperament (ex. courage ) – can be misused - gifts of fortune (ex. power, riches, honor, health, happiness / contentment) – can lead to pride or arrogance the prosperity of someone without a good will is not pleasant to an impartial spectator - qualities conducive to a good will (ex. self-control) not unconditionally good: the coolness of a villain makes him more dangerous and abominable Without a good will, these things are not good. A good will is good in itself, not good because of what it effects or accomplishes even if it effects nothing at all, it “sparkles like a jewel” to experts
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Unformatted text preview: PHIL 111 - Kain This is supposed to be apparent to “ordinary reason” But is this crazy, just a “high-flown fancy” ? (387) KANT’S FUNCTION ARGUMENT 1. In living beings, no organ (or faculty) will be found which is not the fittest and best adapted to its purpose. 2. Instinct would be a better guide to our happiness than practical reason is. the use of reason may lead to more trouble, less happiness and contentment 3. Happiness cannot be the sole or primary purpose of practical reason. 4. There must be another and higher purpose for practical reason. 5. Reason’s proper function must be to produce a will good in itself (388) A good will is the highest good , but not the sole and complete good. Happiness is a secondary purpose. Its goodness is conditional on its possession by a good will....
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSY 201 taught by Professor Arthur during the Spring '08 term at Purdue.

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Kant1 - PHIL 111 - Kain This is supposed to be apparent to...

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