Mill1 - (3) Thus, GHP requires us to act like pigs. (4)...

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UTILITARIANISM JOHN STUART MILL (1806-1873) Utilitarianism- what is it? A theory about what kinds of actions are right or wrong Greatest Happiness Principle : “Actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness; wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness.”(p.299) CONSEQUENTIALISM - the thesis that an action is right to the extent that it RESULTS in goodness. Contrast? HEDONISM - the thesis that the good (or happiness) is pleasure and the absence of pain. Contrast?
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the standard is “not the agent’s own happiness but that of all concerned”(302) SOCIAL contrast ETHICAL hedonistic EGOISM- the good is my own personal pleasure. SOCIAL HEDONISTIC CONSEQUENTIALISM - an action is right to the extent that it results in more pleasure and less pain for all concerned (than other alternatives). Before we get more details… a crude example
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The “swine” objection: (1) GHP says actions are right if they result in more pleasure than alternatives. (2) “Pig-like” activities produce more pleasure than the alternatives.
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Unformatted text preview: (3) Thus, GHP requires us to act like pigs. (4) Morality requires self-sacrifice & nobility, not pig-like behavior. (5) Thus, GHP cannot be the supreme principle of morality. R1- standard reply: we have capacities that pigs dont have Distinctively human activities produce a greater QUANTITY of pleasure for the agent than swine-like activities do. R2- the higher pleasures reply Distinctively human activities produce a higher QUALITY of pleasure for the agent than swine-like activities do. R3- the standard is the greatest amount of happiness altogether(302) NOT the agents own personal happiness. Distinctively human activities produce more pleasure OVERALL than swine-like activities do. -quantitative and qualitative differences in pleasure -many different people affected by an action BUT : IF swine-like behavior [or any other kind of action] does result in the most, best pleasure overall, THEN it is right!...
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Mill1 - (3) Thus, GHP requires us to act like pigs. (4)...

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