11-20-07 - Myles Becker History 11/20/07 Mexican Empire...

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Myles Becker History 11/20/07 Mexican Empire Mexico won independence from Spain in 1821 Isolated “provinces” of Texas, New Mexico, & California largely free of supervision 1833 Mexico stripped Catholic Church of California lands & redistributed it to a large cattle rancheros Labor for rancheros provided by Native Americans California In 1845, Mexican population approx. 4,000 Yankee population approx 700 Dominated by large rancheros New Mexico Spanish settlement more dense than in California, w/44,000 inhabitants by 1827 Society dominated by ranchero families who grazed sheep along the Rio Grande Valley between El Paso and Taos Caravans from the United States rolled into Santa Fe to engage in trade Texas Initially, Mexican government encouraged emigration to Texas 90% of American emigrants to Texas came from the Southern U.S. Tensions b/w Mexicans and Americans in Texas arose due to religion, slavery, and lack of representation During the early 1830’s, the Mexican government attempted to stop the flow of American emigrants into Texas 1834 – Santa Anna proclaimed dictator of Mexico
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11-20-07 - Myles Becker History 11/20/07 Mexican Empire...

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