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2. Western ZHOU Dynasty

2. Western ZHOU Dynasty - Western ZHOU Dynasty King...

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Western ZHOU Dynasty King Wu (1045-1043 BC) - (1045 BC) defeated Shang King in the Battle at Muye SHANG CONQUEST: (according to ZHOU) - ZHOU armies from west invade central plains - “Will of Heaven” (commemorated in Odes by Shi) o Shang supposedly lost the mandate because their rules failed to serve the people - Heaven = ‘tian’ – revoked, and mandate was given to ZHOU - Tianzi’ = “Son of Heaven” = Western ZHOU king ( KING WU ) - KING WU dies - his heir: King Cheng = too young (Wu’s brother DUKE OF ZHOU takes throne for 7 years) – 3 brothers come against new King from West, East and South W. ZHOU POLITICAL SYSTEM: (Feudal—Lords&Vassals) - KING managed “core” territories (by Wei River) – his relatives governed North and North Eastern China - Didn’t rule directly over territory – hired members of royal family to rule over districts - Hegemon = duke of a state - Shang descendants had some power - Over time, the kinship ties thin out and political loyalty lessens D KING u (rule separate Other Kin
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