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Nara Japan - any ruler that promotes Buddha’s teaching o...

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Nara Japan (710 – 794) - Japanese upper classes patterned themselves after the Chinese w/ Buddhism - - Todaji Temple (8 th century): o One of the state sponsored temples o A central temple in Nara (Eastern pt. of capital) o Name (Great East Temple) reflects location and status as a Buddhist country on the edge of a civilized world - Taika Reforms o Redistribute land o Reorganize tax system so it goes to central gov’t o Elevates prestige of emperor – consolidate control over population o Failed to check power of Uji controlled territory appointed as government administrators (Posts became hereditary & Uji gained power) - Sutra of the Golden Light o 4 Deva Kings (Deva = dietie) o First came when Buddha was enlightened, to tell him that they will bless
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Unformatted text preview: any ruler that promotes Buddha’s teaching o Buddha pledges that anyone who promotes his teachings will be blessed and protected-Sutra of the Humane King o Through promoting Buddhism, king passifies the state-Deterioration of Taika Land Reforms o Shoen: tax free estates Taika Reforms supposed to redistribute the land (so power is not consolidated in families) Monastery Shoen: tax free b/c it’s technically church property • Donate land to monastery to avoid taxation by central gov’t • More & more land under tax free status & central gov’t loses power/authority...
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