QUIZ 4 - QUIZ 4 Neo Confucianism - conceived the world as...

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QUIZ 4 Neo Confucianism - conceived the world as an organic whole - education was highly important o students were exposed to a mix of moral catchphrase and scholarship to make them virtuous and knowledgeable o teachers wanted students to forget about having a career and concentrate on learning and self-improvement - Reflections , Zhu Xi - classical formulation of Neo-Confucianism o Influential in China and Japan o Advice on how to manage a family, whether or not to accept political office, discussions of political institutions/behavior o Emphasis on self-reflection o Attacked Buddhism and Doaism - Song thinkers thought in terms of complementary opposites o Ex. Inner/outer, substance/function, knowledge/action o Li and Qi o Li : “principle”/”pattern” Each individual li is a part of the entire system/underlying pattern of reality Nothing can exist if there is no li o Qi : vital force and substance of which man and the universe are made Qi is energy that occupies space Heaviest qi held in the center by centripical force of motion of the world turning – qi becomes lighter and thinner as one moves from the center o ‘ren’ – humaneness Jurchens/Jin Dynasty - Jin Dynasty established by the Jurchens - Mongols conquered Jin dynasty Genghis Khan - son of Mongolian tribal chieftain - father killed – forced to flee and spend many years wandering - eventually returned to tribe & became world conqueror
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 243 taught by Professor Radice during the Spring '08 term at S. Connecticut.

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QUIZ 4 - QUIZ 4 Neo Confucianism - conceived the world as...

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