Powerpoint+1-2-3 (1)

Powerpoint+1-2-3 (1) - Powerpoint CAPITALISM vs CLIMATE...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 1/18/15 Powerpoint 1/7/15 CAPITALISM vs CLIMATE •  Spokesmen @ Heartland InsAtute’s Sixth InternaAonal Conference on Climate Change contend: •  Movement to combat global warming = = a green Trojan horse = an aMack on middle-­‐class American capitalism = plot to remove freedoms •  Climate of Corrup.on, climate change “has liMle to do with the state of the environment and much to do with shackling capitalism and transforming the American way of life in the interests of global wealth redistribuAon.” Climate Change •  “97 percent of the world's climate scienAsts aMest ... The heat-­‐trapping gases released into the atmosphere through the burning of fossil fuels are already causing temperatures to increase. If we are not on a radically different energy path by the end of this decade, we are in for a world of pain” (Klein 2011) 1 1/18/15 Powerpoint 1/12/15 •  “My childhood percepAons were part of a narraAve I call the Story of the People, in which humanity was desAned to create a perfect world through science, reason, and technology: to conquer nature, transcend our animal origins, and engineer a raAonal society” (Eisenstein 2013). •  WHAT IS AT ISSUE HERE? Powerpoint 1/12/15 2 1/18/15 Climate Change •  “97 percent of the world's climate scienAsts aMest ... The heat-­‐trapping gases released into the atmosphere through the burning of fossil fuels are already causing temperatures to increase. If we are not on a radically different energy path by the end of this decade, we are in for a world of pain” (Klein 2011) •  the real-­‐world consequences of those scienAfic findings –  Demand deep changes not just to our energy consumpAon BUT ALSO to the underlying logic of our economic system Klein/Shiva/Eisenstein argue **central myth on which our economic model is based: •  Assumes –  nature is limitless –  we will always be able to find more of what we need –  if something runs out it can be seamlessly replaced by another resource that we can endlessly extract. •  Climate crisis calls into quesAon: –  The expansionist, extracAve mindset that progress is based on limitless growth and exploitaAon of nature & those associate with it. 3 1/18/15 “The dominant ideology of post-­‐war development has been exclusively concerned with the conversion of nature into a resource and the use of natural resources for commodity producAon and capital accumulaAon. It ignore the ecological processes that have been regeneraAng nature outside the domain of human acAvity. It also ignore the requirements of the huge number of people whose needs are not being saAsfied through market mechanisms” (Shiva 2997). “The ignorance or neglect of these two vital economies of nature’s processes and people’ survival has been the reason why development has posed such a threat of ecological destrucAon and a threat to human survival, both of which have, however, remained the ‘hidden negaAve externaliAes’ of the development process” (Shiva 2007). ènot just demand green products and market-­‐based soluAons •  èdemands a new story/paradigm: –  one grounded not in dominance over nature but in respect for natural cycles of renewal •  and acutely sensiAve to natural limits, including the limits of human intelligence. •  èClimate change = a message telling us that many of our culture's most cherished ideas are no longer viable. –  profoundly challenging revelaAon for all of us raised on Enlightenment ideals of progress 4 1/18/15 Bruno Latour: -­‐French Philosopher/Sociologist/ Anthropologist of Science & Technology We Have Never Been Modern (1993, 1991 in France) We have Never Been Modern (opening Paragraph) “On page four of my daily newspaper, I learn that the measurements taken above the AntarcAc are not good this year: the hole in the ozone layer is growing ominously larger. Reading on, I turn from upper-­‐atmosphere chemists to Chief ExecuAve Officers of Atochem and Monsanto, companies that are modifying their assembly lines in order to replace the innocent chlorofluorocarbons, accused of crimes against the ecosphere. A few paragraphs later, I come across heads of state of major industrialized countries who are geong involved with chemistry, refrigerators, aerosols and inert gases. But at the end of the arAcle, I discover that the meteorologists don't agree with the chemists ; they're talking about cyclical fluctuaAons unrelated to human acAvity. So now the industrialists don't know what to do. The heads of state are also holding back. Should we wait? Is it already too late? Toward the boMom of the page, Third World countries and ecologists add their grain of salt and talk about internaAonal treaAes, moratoriums, the rights of future generaAons, and the right to development.” Latour: “miracle” of 1989 •  dismantling of the Wall & global environmental conferences –  End of Socialism –  End of limitless Nature •  Tragic Irony= just as recognize that ‘modernity’ has had a serious negaAve impact on the environment the triumph of Capitalism is heralded –  “nature, over which we were supposed to gain absolute mastery, dominates us in an equally global fashion, and threatens us all.” 5 1/18/15 We Have Never Been Modern, Bruno Latour (1993) **describes the Cons.tu.on that has produced and defined modernity QUESTIONS: 1.  What does he mean by “ConsAtuAon”? 2.  What does he mean by “modern”? ConsAtuAon= •  Set of fundamental principles and rules that define the nature and extent of government •  Together these principles and rules make up (i.e. cons.tute) an enAty (i.e. naAon-­‐state) and define how power and governance will be divided within it. Modern= ConvenAonal definiAon: •  secularizaAon of society –  Divine power no longer determines •  invenAon of humanism –  Emphasis given to human agency (individually & collecAvely) and thought (raAonalism) and evidence (empiricism), vs. to established doctrine or faith •  emergence of the sciences –  Science (from LaAn scien.a, meaning "knowledge”) being a systemaAc enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanaAons and predicAons about the universe •  mechanizaAon of the world –  Implies machinery and devices that cause & speed changes; enables industrialism 6 1/18/15 But according to Latour •  Secularism, raAonality, science, and industrial producAon are NOT what define Modernity …Rather… Modernity= •  Is consAtuted (or believes itself to be consAtuted) by two “double separaAon” 1.  Human/Nonhuman 2.  PurificaAon/MediaAon (of TranslaAon) AND 1. Humans/Nonhumans 2. Human/Divine (or what happens 'above’/what happens 'below’ Human/Nonhuman Purification/Mediation 7 ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern