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KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES ON INFECTIONPREVENTION AND CONTROL AMONG NURSES IN ASELECTED GOVERNMENT HOSPITAL IN LEYTEA Research CapsulePresented by:_________________________________________________________________________September 2019
Background and RationaleHospital infection prevention and control (IPC) programs aredesigned to minimize rates of preventable healthcare-associatedinfection (HAI) and acquisition of multidrug resistant organisms, whichare among the commonest adverse effects of hospitalization. HospitalAcquired Infections (HAI) is a major global safety concern for bothpatients as well as healthcare professionals. Many factors stimulateinfections among hospitalized patients – ‘decreased resistance amongpatients’; ‘increasing variation of medical procedures’ and ‘invasivetechniques crafting potential routes of infection’; and ‘the transmissionof drug-resistant bacteria’ are packed among hospital populations’,where poor practice in infection control may facilitate transmission(Vinodhini & Bhooma Devi, 2016). The rate of hospital-acquiredinfections is associated with higher healthcare-related mortality rates,length-of-stay, cost, and increased microbial resistance (Abdelrahman,Alhasan, et. al., 2017).According to the World Health Organization (2017), infectioncontrol is acknowledged universally as a solid, and essential basis, forpatient safety; it supports the reduction of hospital-acquired infectionsand related consequences and promotes health. Key in preventingspread of infections is to follow the standard guidelines for infectioncontrol and prevention of which have not been specifically addressedby different settings (Beam & Razonable, 2018).
2Nurses are at the forefront of preventing the occurrence ofhospital-acquired infection.The proponent has observed that amidbusy work environment in the hospitals, diverse roles and competingdemands, especially in special areas, infection prevention can easily beoverlooked or superseded by other immediate and life-threateningissues.Handwashing practice is not properly done by some, if notmost nurses, and moves from one patient to another, unmindful of thepossibility of her, transferring microorganisms from one patient afteranother. Although disinfection and aseptic technique is observed at alltimes, nurses are seen working without using personal protectiveequipment.

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Term
Spring
Professor
N/A
Tags
Nosocomial infection, Staphylococcus aureus, Hand Washing, Clostridium difficile

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