•Every religious tradition is broad and diverse, so it contains resources that can be used to promote women’s equality, and resources that can be used to promote the subordination of women.•Which resources are used depends on personal and institutional responses to the socio-economic context, and whether or not that context expresses an expectation of social equality and the valuing of daughters equally with sons.
The Vatican versus American SistersThe Doctrinal Assessment of the Leadership Conference of Women Religious
Pope Benedict XVI(r. 2005-2013)
LCWR National Board•Leadership Conference of Women Religious (LCWR) is an organization consisting of the elected leaders of about 70 percent of Catholic Sisters’ Communities in the United States.•The Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF) in April 2012 issued a “Doctrinal Assessment of the LCWR.•It accused the LCWR of being concerned with social justice issues over promoting orthodox Catholic doctrine. It accused the LCWR members of being “radical feminists.”•The CDF appointed Archbishop Sartain of Seattle as “Archbishop Delegate” to reform the LCWR’s bylaws, the content of its conferences and teaching materials, and ensuring the Mass was given “place of priority in LCWR events and programs.”
In June 2012 the Vatican’s Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith issued a “notification” that Sister Margaret Farley’s book on sexual ethics, Just Love: A Framework for Christian Sexual Ethics (2006), is contrary to Catholic doctrine.•Sister Margaret Farley, R.S.M., Ph.D., is an ethicist and professor emerita at Yale Divinity School, where she taught from 1971 to 2007. She is a Sister of Mercy.•After she met with African women theologians in 2002, the All-Africa Conference: Sister to Sister, was founded by the Sisters of Mercy as an NGO to support African Catholic Sisters in helping African women address issues arising from the HIV/AIDS pandemic.
Sister Margaret Farley, RSM, and Sister Eileen Hogan, RSM in Jinga 2011
•Sister Elizabeth A. Johnson is a feminist Christian theologian. She is Distinguished Professor of Theology at Fordham University.•Her books include:•She Who Is: The Mystery of God in Feminist Theological Discourse (1991);•The Church Women Want: Catholic Women in Dialogue(2002);•Quest for the Living God: Mapping Frontiers in the Theology of God(2007).•In 2011 the U.S. Catholic Bishops’ Committee on Doctrine declared that Quest for the Living God“contaminates the traditional Catholic understanding of God.”
NETWORK, A National Social Justice Lobby•Founded in 1971 by 47 Sisters from from two dozen communities.•They organized to lobby for federal policies and legislation that promote economic and social justice.
•NETWORKand the Catholic Hospital Associationsupported President Obama’s health care plan, which provides support for artificial contraception.