Islamic_Dates_StudyGuide

Islamic_Dates_StudyGuide - 570:birthofMuhammad 610:...

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570: birth of Muhammad 610: archangel Gabriel appears to Muhammad and recites first verses of Koran 622: july 16 begins Islamic calendar; hijra- mecca to medina 632: death of Muhammad 656: ali succeeds uthman as caliph; battle of the camel between ali and aisha 661: Caliph Ali ibn Abi Talib is assassinated; with his assassination the Rashidun Caliphate ends and Muawiyah I founds the Umayyad caliphate 680: Umayyad caliph Muawiyah I is succeeded by Yazid I ibn Muawiyah 711: Umayyads cross Gibraltar; invasion of India by Muslim forces 750: the Battle of the Zab the last Umayyad Caliph, Marwan II, is overthrown and killed. Al-Saffah is proclaimed the first Abbasid Caliph 762: Abbasid caliph al-Mansur founds a new capital at Baghdad, Iraq 833: al-Mu'tasim succeeds his brother Al-Ma'mun as Abbasid caliph 909:The Aghlabid dynasty in North Africa is overthrown by the Fatimids, begin Fatimids 945: The Buwayhid Dynasty takes control of Baghdad (it does not supplant the local caliphate)
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