HIST 204 Exam 2 - HIST 204 Exam 2 Study Guide[People Ida Wells Barnett African American journalist Anti-lynching Exposed and documented lynching in the

HIST 204 Exam 2 - HIST 204 Exam 2 Study Guide[People Ida...

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HIST 204: Exam 2 Study Guide [People] Ida Wells Barnett - African American journalist - Anti-lynching - Exposed and documented lynching in the U.S - Showed that lynching was often used as a way to control or punish blacks who competed with whites, rather than being based in criminal acts by blacks Joseph Glidden - American farmer who patented barbed wire - Barbed Wire forever altered the development of the American West George Fitzhugh - American Social theorist; Slavery advocate - Wrote → Slaves Without Masters” (Cannibals All) - he published racial and slavery-based sociological theories in the antebellum era - he claimed that → slavery ensured that blacks would be economically secure and morally civilized because he argued that “the negro is but a grown up child” Hinton R. Helper - U.S critic of slavery - Published → “The Impending Crisis of the South” - Argued that slavery hurt the economic prospects of non-slaveholders and was an hinderance to the growth of the entire region of the South WEB du Bois - Civil Rights activists; Harvard graduate; First African American to earn a doctorate - One of the co-founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People ( NAACP ) - Leader of Niagara Movement , a group of African-American activists who wanted equal rights for Blacks - Opposed to Booker T. Washington ’s Atlanta Compromise - Atlanta Compromise → idea that Southern blacks would work and submit to whites while whites guaranteed that blacks would receive basic educational and economic opportunities - WEB du Bois believed Blacks shouldn’t be patient or humble and get higher education - Talented 10th: idea that 1 in 10 black men becoming leaders of their race Robert M. LaFollette - Robert Marion “Fighting Bob” La Follette - Governor of Wisconsin
- The Wisconsin Idea → Seeking advice from people who are experts in their fields - Initiative Referendum Recall → process that allows citizens to place new legislation on a popular ballot and vote on it Isadora Duncan - Famous classical ballet dancer who later converted to Modern Dance - Broke classical form - Wore see-through outfits → extremely shocking at that time Charles Finney - Charismatic preacher; popular in upstate NY; leader in the 2nd Great Awakening - “Father of Revivalism” - Claimed that people should be the captain of their own faiths - Make world the better place; We are going to create a heaven on earth Alexis de Tocqueville (French) - Best known for his work: “Democracy in America” - Because of transportation and communication, Americans have conquered space and time - Claimed that innovations make it cheaper for products to get to market - He surveyed how the representational government in US works Booker T. Washington - Found Black college; one of the most famous black leaders - Conservative - Created The Atlanta Compromise - Called for avoiding confrontation over segregation and instead putting more reliance on long-term educational and economic advancement in the black community -

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