Najran_3_Essay - This seems to be representative of his...

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Hist 2530 Professor Powers Section Response #3 9/11/08 The Capitulation of Najran seems to be a quite interesting text that is very indicative of the time periods of which it writes about. At the front end of the text, when the conditions of the treaty are laid out, we can see the Islamic empire at its very beginnings. Instead of wishing to take military action against these non-believers to the south, the Prophet Muhammad instead cuts a deal with them. It appears that when this treaty was made, the Prophet was more concerned with securing power and security than spreading his religion. This is seen in stark opposition to some of his later military decisions such as the campaign he sent into southern Syria. One of the many reasons for these actions at Najran might be that the Prophets forces were too weak at the time to subdue these non-believers in Najran. Therefore, I feel that Muhammad viewed his relationship with the people of Najran as merely political, securing his position in the Arabian peninsula, with little care for spreading the faith.
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Unformatted text preview: This seems to be representative of his overall attitude of the time, as the consolidation of power, not his religion, has the most important thing. However, in the treaty there were a few stipulations with regard to religion, including the stopping of the eating of pork. This shows that although Muhammad’s primary goals were to preserve his political power, he also had religious intent as well. His apparent leniency toward this group of non-believers may stem from the fact that they were people of the book as well, but not quite Muslims. The excerpt on eating the pork becomes important later when a Caliph uses it to justify the expulsion of the non-believers of Najran. In this instance, the usefulness had run out and the Caliph was more concerned with spreading the religion as the political security of the Islamic state had already been solidified. Thus, we can view the narrative on Najran as a political treaty created for the embitterment of the Islamic Empire....
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This essay was uploaded on 02/01/2009 for the course HIST 253 taught by Professor Powers, d during the Fall '08 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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