Endocrine System Part 2

Endocrine System Part 2 - Adrenal Glands 2 endocrine glands...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Adrenal Glands •Hypothalamus controls activity of both portions, stimulates adrenal glands in response to ± Inner portion = • Release epinephrine 2 endocrine glands that sit atop the kidneys ± Outer portion = •Release hormones: glucocorticoids, Adrenal Glands
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 Cortisol Functions Cortisol is an important hormone in the body, secreted by the adrenal glands and involved in the following functions and more: • Proper • Regulation of • Heightened • Insulin release for blood • Promotes • Moderates Anti-inflammatory medication • Steroid anti-inflammatory drugs are used to treat a wide variety of conditions such as autoimmune diseases, ulcerative colitis, asthma, dermatological disorders, Crohn’s disease, tendinitis, bursitis, to prevent organ transplant rejection, and in many chemotherapeutic regimens. • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are drugs with analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory effects –
Background image of page 2
3 Called Cushing’s syndrome may be caused by pituitary tumor, adrenal tumor, excessive use of corticosteroids Symptoms include: Fluid retention, causing swelling in legs Mood swings Weight gain, with fat deposits in the abdomen, face and the back of the neck Impaired cognitive performance Blood sugar imbalances such as hyperglycemia Decreased bone density and muscle tissue Higher Organs with Mixed Functions – Secretes hormones: – Secretes – Secretes – Releases
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
4 Pancreas—two hormones Glucagon raises blood glucose level Secreted when blood glucose level is low Stimulates breakdown of glycogen to glucose Use fat and protein for energy instead of glucose Insulin lowers blood glucose level • Secreted when blood glucose level is high • Stimulates uptake of glucose by cells • Glucose stored or broken down for energy/fat Liver stores glucose= store glycogen and build protein Adipose tissue uses glucose to Adipose tissue Liver breaks down glycogen to
Background image of page 4
5 Diabetes Mellitus • People with diabetes have high blood sugar – pancreas does not make enough insulin or – muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond to insulin normally, or both. • Fasting blood glucose levels are
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 13

Endocrine System Part 2 - Adrenal Glands 2 endocrine glands...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online