SOC3710 - Young Offenders Notes - SOC 3710 Young Offenders...

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SOC 3710 – Young Offenders Notes
Chapter 1: Rise and Fall of Delinquency The Public Issue - Discourse: how things are talked about and understood, both orally and in written form, including formal talk, such as theory, professional talk, such as reports, books, and media and conversations Media and Politics of Youth Crime - Politics of youth crime: the ways in which youth crime is understood and talked about, both formally and informally, and the actions, laws, and policies that derive from this discourse. - Adult crimes far surpass youth crimes both in quantity and severity. - Youth justice under the YOA was a slap on the wrist - Revised the YOA 3 times before proposing to replace it - Juvenile Justice system: a system of laws, policies, and practices designed under the guiding philosophy that children and youth, because of their age and maturity, should not be subject to criminal law in the same manner as adults. 2 Opposing sides - Perspective 1 o Related to the difficulties that youth encounter in an increasingly complex society o Current economic, social, and political realities are a source of tremendous hardship for some young people and their families o Young people are forced to leave home as a matter of survival o Problems experienced by young people rather than youth crime - Perspective 2 o This law and order group viewed children and youth accused of crimes as an enemy from whom adults needed protection. o Proponents of this view saw youth as out of control and favored a law and order approach to youth crime o Youth were a problem because § Lack respect for anyone or anything § Lack sense of responsibility for criminal behaviour § Be increasingly involved in criminal behaviour - YOA was a problem because o Youth could not be identified o Youth were not punished o Youth had more rights than victims o Youth had too much protection Good old days - young people have always been responsible for a considerably smaller amount of criminal activity than adults and most of their offences have involved petty property crime - Penitentiary: 19 th C term for prisoners based on a philosophy of penitence and punishment to atone for wrongs. - Primary Data: Research information gathered directly from the original source. - Secondary Data: Research information or data that was originally collected for another purpose. Lawless and Disobedient Youth: 17 th and 18 th C - Concerns were expressed about youth as a problem in north American colonies as early as the late 17 th C - Carrigan
o Examinded the historical records of crime and punishment from the earliest European records and reported that the majority of documented cases were of a petty nature o They involved vandalism, petty theft, brawling, swearing etc… o Young people were involved in serious crimes and murders but their ages were often not recorded.

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