469finalstudy - Lecture 1 What is the classic definition of physical health o An absence of disease and disability What is the classic definition of

469finalstudy - Lecture 1 What is the classic definition of...

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Lecture 1 What is the classic definition of physical health? o An absence of disease and disability What is the classic definition of mental health? o Absence of mental disorders o The ability to process information effectively Cognition Perception Realism Contributing What is the classic definition of social health? o Ability to interact with others o Fitting in to society o Enjoying equal opportunities o Treating individuals with respect What are the trends of health in Canadians (smoking/fruit+veggie consumption, weight, alcohol)? o Approximately 1/5 of Canadians smoke o Approximately less than 50% of Canadians eat 5 or more servings of fruit and veggies a day o Over 50% of Canadian men and nearly 50% of women are considered overweight o Close to 1/5 of Canadians are considered obese o ¼ of Canadian men are considered heavy drinkers Why is smoking a risk factor for type 2 diabetes? o Smokers have a 30% greater risk for developing diabetes than non-smokers o Smokers who are trying to quit have an even greater risk of developing diabetes (70% higher than non- smokers) Has to do with trading one vice with another Risk are greatest 1-3 years after quitting and balance out after 10 years of having quit What are the effects of exercise on brain health? o Teenagers in better shape perform better in school (confirmed in twin studies) o Exercise promotes brain growth and neuronal connections (reduces cerebral inflammation) o Muscle strength does not correlate with cognitive function (aerobic exercise is the key) How does working environment affect health? o People working night shifts report: Higher rates of heavy smoking Greater job stress Greater sleep disturbances o Workers (late night) also experienced greater cortical activity Increased oxidative damage Increased stress-related thoughts Increased depression symptoms o As level of control and decision making authority increase Women’s health decreases while men’s health increases o Friendship and ties to co-workers are important in decreasing risk of premature death o Social support has been shown to have the greatest effect during middle age years as a buffer to the effects of stress How are obesity and social relationships related? o Chances of obesity increase if the people you socialize with are also obese (highest in friends) o Influenced by behaviors and sensibilities (geography does not play a role) What is the role of television on health status? o Watching TV for 1-2 hours a day can increase”
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Cardiovascular disease risk Diabetes risk Risk of mortality o Likely has to do with exchanging positive habits for negative ones (TV coincides with eating on couch, etc) Definition of holism?
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  • Summer '13
  • physical activity, heart rate, strength training, Physical exercise

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