469finalstudyquestions - Lecture 1 What is the classic definition of physical health o An absence of disease and disability What is the classic

469finalstudyquestions - Lecture 1 What is the classic...

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Lecture 1What is the classic definition of physical health?oAn absence of disease and disabilityWhat is the classic definition of mental health?oAbsence of mental disordersoThe ability to process information effectivelyCognitionPerceptionRealismContributingWhat is the classic definition of social health?oAbility to interact with othersoFitting in to societyoEnjoying equal opportunitiesoTreating individuals with respectWhat are the trends of health in Canadians (smoking/fruit+veggie consumption, weight, alcohol)?oApproximately 1/5 of Canadians smokeoApproximately less than 50% of Canadians eat 5 or more servings of fruit and veggies a dayoOver 50% of Canadian men and nearly 50% of women are considered overweightoClose to 1/5 of Canadians are considered obeseo¼ of Canadian men are considered heavy drinkersWhy is smoking a risk factor for type 2 diabetes?oSmokers have a 30% greater risk for developing diabetes than non-smokersoSmokers who are trying to quit have an even greater risk of developing diabetes (70% higher than non-smokers)Has to do with trading one vice with anotherRisk are greatest 1-3 years after quitting and balance out after 10 years of having quitWhat are the effects of exercise on brain health?oTeenagers in better shape perform better in school (confirmed in twin studies)oExercise promotes brain growth and neuronal connections (reduces cerebral inflammation)oMuscle strength does not correlate with cognitive function (aerobic exercise is the key)How does working environment affect health?oPeople working night shifts report:Higher rates of heavy smokingGreater job stressGreater sleep disturbancesoWorkers (late night) also experienced greater cortical activityIncreased oxidative damageIncreased stress-related thoughtsIncreased depression symptomsoAs level of control and decision making authority increaseWomen’s health decreases while men’s health increasesoFriendship and ties to co-workers are important in decreasing risk of premature deathoSocial support has been shown to have the greatest effectduring middle age years as a buffer to the effects of stressHow are obesity and social relationships related?oChances of obesity increase if the people you socialize with are also obese (highest in friends)oInfluenced by behaviors and sensibilities (geography does not play a role)What is the role of television on health status?oWatching TV for 1-2 hours a day can increase”
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Cardiovascular disease riskDiabetes riskRisk of mortalityoLikely has to do with exchanging positive habits for negative ones (TV coincides with eating on couch, etc)Definition of holism?
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  • Summer '13
  • physical activity, heart rate, strength training, Physical exercise

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