History of Psychology – PSYC 100_ Principles of Psychology F21.pdf

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12/1/21, 12:20 PMHistory of Psychology – PSYC 100: Principles of Psychology F211/224. History of PsychologyOriginal chapter by David B. Baker & Heather Sperry adapted by theQueen’s University Psychology DepartmentThis Open Access chapter was originally written for the NOBA project.Information on the NOBA project can be found below.We encourage students to use the “Three-Step Method” for support in theirlearning. Please ±nd our version of the Three-Step Method, created in collabo-ration with Queen’s Student Academic Success Services, at the following link:This module provides an introduction and overview of the historical develop-ment of the science and practice of psychology in America. Ever-increasingspecialization within the ±eld often makes it dif±cult to discern the commonroots from which the ±eld of psychology has evolved. By exploring this shared
12/1/21, 12:20 PMHistory of Psychology – PSYC 100: Principles of Psychology F212/22past, students will be better able to understand how psychology has devel-oped into the discipline we know today.Learning ObjectivesDescribe the precursors to the establishment of the science of psychology.Identify key individuals and events in the history of American psychology.Describe the rise of professional psychology in America.Develop a basic understanding of the processes of scienti±c developmentand change.Recognize the role of women and people of color in the history ofAmerican psychology.IntroductionIt is always a dif±cult question to ask, where to begin to tell the story of the his-tory of psychology. Some would start with ancient Greece; others would lookto a demarcation in the late 19th century when the science of psychology wasformally proposed and instituted. These two perspectives, and all that is in be-tween, are appropriate for describing a history of psychology. The interestedstudent will have no trouble ±nding an abundance of resources on all of thesetime frames and perspectives (Goodwin, 2011;Leahey, 2012;Schultz & Schultz, 2007). For the purposes of this module, we will examine thedevelopment of psychology in America and use the mid-19th century as ourstarting point. For the sake of convenience, we refer to this as a history of mod-ern psychology.Psychology is an exciting ±eld and the history of psychology offers the oppor-tunity to make sense of how it has grown and developed. The history of psy-chology also provides perspective. Rather than a dry collection of names anddates, the history of psychology tells us about the important intersection oftime and place that de±nes who we are. Consider what happens when youmeet someone for the ±rst time. The conversation usually begins with a series
12/1/21, 12:20 PMHistory of Psychology – PSYC 100: Principles of Psychology F213/22

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Term
Winter
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NoProfessor
Tags
Psychology, Principles of Psychology

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