City_God_James O'Donnell_Outline

City_God_James O'Donnell_Outline - Summary of The City of...

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Summary of The City of God by James O’Donnell (http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/jod/augustine/civ.html) Part One: The incapacity of traditional Roman religion to bring felicitas to its votaries. Book I (the calamities of 410: Rome and God under Christianity): A. Refutation (chapters 1-9) 1. negative discussion of criticisms arising from events of 410, with much reference to classical authors (1-7) 2. attitude for Christians to take in face of criticism (8-9) B. Consolation (chapters 10-29) 1. detailed discussion of points of confusion and regret (10-27) a. loss of wealth (10) b. hunger and starvation (11) c. lack of proper burial (12-13) d. captivity and imprisonment (14-15) e. stupra and suicide (17-27) (1) events of 410 (17-18) (2) the case of Lucretia (19-27) 2. attitude for Christians to take in face of misfortunes (28-29) C. Criticism of non-Christian attitudes (30-36) 1. luxuria the root of unrest (30-34) 2. summary/outline of whole work (35-36) Book II (the moral lapses of Rome before Christ): A. Introduction (1-3) B. The gods and moral decay 1. Theatrics and the gods (4-14a) [14b-16: Plato vs. Romulus: epitome of the whole book in miniature.] 2. Interpretation (17-24) a. moderate view (< Sallust) (17-20) b. extreme view (< Cicero) (21-24) C. Summary and conclusion (25-29) 1. with reference to chapters 17-24 (25) 2. with reference to chapters 4-14 (26-27) 3. with reference to critics (28) 4. exhortation (29) Book III (the material ills of Rome before Christ): A. Preface (1)
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B. External ills and disorders in the period of which Sallust spoke in praise (2-17) 1. Trojan war (2-8) 2. Numa (9-12) 3. Rome under the kings (13-15) 4. The first consuls (16) 5. The republic to the Punic wars (17) C. The Punic wars and their consequences: the fatal crisis (18-22) D. Internal ills and disorders: Gracchi, Marius, Sulla, etc. E. Conclusion (31) Book IV (Rome and God under traditional religion): A. Prolegomena (1-7) 1. Introduction/summary of books 2-5 (1-2) 2. Introduction to subject of Book 4 (3-7) B. A.'s view of the gods (8-23) 1. minor deities (8) 2. Jupiter (9-13) 3. minor deities, esp. Felicitas (14-23) C. Roman philosophical views (24-32) 1. unattributed view that gods are named from their functions (24-25) 2. Cicero: gods as poetic figments (26) 3. Scaevola: threefold theology (27-28)
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City_God_James O'Donnell_Outline - Summary of The City of...

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