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1Leininger and WatsonSareyna Irby, RNConcepts and Theories in NursingAspen UniversityOctober 2021
2Madeleine Leininger’s nursing theory is meant to provide culturally congruent nursingcare through “cognitively based assistive, supportive, facilitative, or enabling acts or decisionsthat are mostly tailor-made to fit with individual, group’s, or institution’s cultural values, beliefs,and lifeways.” (Leininger, 1995). The purpose of this nursing care is to fit and have beneficialmeaning and health outcomes foe people of different or the same background. Leininger’s modelhas developed into what we call transcultural nursing.She defined this type of nursing care as“asubstantive area of study and practice focused on comparative cultural care (caring) values,beliefs, and practices of individuals or groups of similar or different cultures with the goal ofproviding culture-specific and universal nursing care practices in promoting health or well-beingor to help people to face unfavorable human conditions, illness, or death in culturally meaningfulways.” (Leininger, 1995)Case Study #1When planning for Mrs. Franklin-Jones’ discharge, nurse Hernandez should take intoconsideration all aspects of the patient’s Jamaican culture that she has brought to the nurse’sattention. The nurse be considerate to the patient’s culture as some of the nurse’s health practicesand beliefs may be different than the patients’ health practices and beliefs. Being sensitive toparticular key points will help the patient be successful during the crucial post hospitalizationperiod, and help to prevent any further health decline, therefore allowing the patient’s health tobe high functioning and optimal. On discharge, important key points that should be discussedare, the patient ability to remember to take her medication, as medication compliance is veryimportant. To help prevent future hospital stays or exacerbations in any of her medicalconditions, the patient should be compliant with taking her medication. Methods to help remindher with taking her medications, the patient can set an alarm, fill pill boxes each week that she
3can carry with her when she is not at home, and taking the medications at the same time eachday. Mrs. Franklin-Jones’ diet should also be discussed. This includes foods she should avoid, aswell as food she should increase in her diet. Asking what her typical diet looks like and

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Nursing, Madeleine Leininger, aspects of the patient

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