hist 363 test sg - HISTORY 363 MIDTERM STUDYGUIDE Lower...

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HISTORY 363 MIDTERM STUDYGUIDE Lower Southern Success Upper Southern Success KEY PEOPLE Abraham Lincoln Determined to preserve the Union, by force if necessary – Believed the United States was one nation, not a collection of independent states – Wrote the Gettysburg Address that said the Civil War was to preserve a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people.” Robert E. Lee – Opposed secession, but did not believe the Union should be held together by force – Urged Southerners to accept defeat at the end of the war and reunite as Americans when some wanted to fight on Class Reading’s and Main Points o McCurry (The Two Faces of Republicanism): Discusses approaches to political history that disobey the limits of formal politics and confound the conventional distinctions between public and private spheres. Joan Scott and the discussion of a gendered history of politics; Assessments of the yeoman-planter relations in antebellum southern political culture; Marriage as a metaphor for slavery; How proslavery ideologies attempted to grant slavery with the legitimacy of family; Equating the subordination of women and slaves. Social hierarchy Natural religious rights Independent vs. dependent Paternalism o Dew ( Apostles of Disunion: Southern Secession Commissioners and the Causes of the Civil War): This incisive history should dispel the pernicious notion that the Confederacy fought the Civil War to advance the constitutional principle of states' rights and only coincidentally to preserve slavery. Dew's _Apostles of Disunion_ is one of several recent books to assert that slavery, not states' rights, was the cause of the Civil War. His train of reasoning runs as follows: According to Southern
secession commissioners, the men appointed by states which had seceded to convince other slaveholding states to join them in a new confederation, the primary reason for secession was the fear that a Republican president would abolish slavery and place "the Negro" on an equal plane with White citizens. Thus, the maintenance of slavery and race-based oppression were the public reasons behind the secession movement, and secession marked the start of the Civil War. Reasons for secession: Racial inequality Slavery Fear of race war Fear of racial amalgamation o Mcpherson (For Cause and Comrades): They fought against slavery in the cause of liberty. “I want to sing ‘John Brown’ in the streets of Charleston, and ram red-hot abolitionism down their unwilling throats at the point of the bayonet.” –a Massachusetts infantry captain They fought for slavery in the cause of liberty. o “The vandals of the North are determined to destroy slavery. We must all fight, and I choose to fight for southern rights and southern liberty.” –a Kentucky physician They fought for their personal honor and glory.

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