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HISTORY 363 MIDTERM STUDYGUIDELower Southern SuccessUpper Southern Success KEY PEOPLEAbraham Lincoln –Determined to preserve the Union, by force if necessary– Believed the United States was one nation, not a collection of independent states– Wrote the Gettysburg Address that said the Civil War was to preserve a government “of the people, by the people, and for the people.” Robert E. Lee –– Opposed secession, but did not believe the Union should be held together by force –– Urged Southerners to accept defeat at the end of the war and reunite as Americans when some wanted to fight on Class Reading’s and Main Points oMcCurry (The Two Faces of Republicanism):Discusses approaches to political history that disobey the limits of formal politics and confound the conventional distinctions betweenpublic and private spheres. Joan Scott and the discussion of a gendered history of politics; Assessments of the yeoman-planter relations in antebellum southern political culture; Marriage as a metaphor for slavery; How proslavery ideologies attempted to grant slavery with the legitimacy of family; Equating the subordination of women and slaves.Social hierarchy Natural religious rights Independent vs. dependent Paternalism oDew (Apostles of Disunion: Southern Secession Commissioners and the Causes of the Civil War):This incisive history should dispel the pernicious notion that the Confederacy fought the Civil War to advance the constitutional principle of states' rights and only coincidentally to preserve slavery.Dew's _Apostles of Disunion_ is one of several recent books to assert that slavery, not states' rights, was the cause of the Civil War.His train of reasoning runs as follows: According to Southern
secession commissioners, the men appointed by states which had seceded to convince other slaveholding states to join them in a newconfederation, the primary reason for secession was the fear that a Republican president would abolish slavery and place "the Negro" on an equal plane with White citizens. Thus, the maintenance of slavery and race-based oppression were the public reasons behind the secession movement, and secession marked the start of the Civil War.Reasons for secession: Racial inequality Slavery Fear of race war Fear of racial amalgamation oMcpherson (For Cause and Comrades):They fought against slavery in the cause of liberty.“I want to sing ‘John Brown’ in the streets of Charleston, and ram red-hot abolitionism down their unwilling throats at the point of the bayonet.”–a Massachusetts infantry captainThey fought for slavery in the cause of liberty.o“The vandals of the North are determined to destroy slavery. We must all fight, and I choose to fight for southern rights and southern liberty.”–a Kentucky physicianThey fought for their personal honor and glory.