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ANCIENT IDEALISM - ANCIENT IDEALISM Timeline Socrates 470BC...

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ANCIENT IDEALISM: Timeline: Socrates 470BC: Birth, son of sculptor 431BC: Peloponnesian War (Athens v Sparta 418BC: Battle of Mantinea (defeat). Socrates is hoplite(armored soldier) Age 52 404BC: End of Peloponnesian war and Athens empire 399BC: Execution. Age 70-71. Confucius (K’ung fu Tzu) Poor yet eager to learn, scholar until 15, government service until 19. Began teaching in 30’s. Believe learning necessary for moral improvement and character building. Life of learning is best life. Learning leads to duty of public. Believed govt should improve character of its citizens, virtue of leaders affects/reflected in values of citizens. Needed to understand rituals and beliefs that backed up authority. Great teacher, not influence in govt that he wanted Confucius with Socrates : Simple background Learning essential to moral improvement, learning best life Politics about moral persuasion Govt should improve morals of citizens, directly affects/reflected in morals of citizens. Confucius not Socrates: Thought ALL citizens could be improved by learning, Socrates not that rosy
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