What is Language

What is Language - What is Language? (Test 3 Material)...

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What is Language?? (Test 3 Material) February 27, 2008 Language: A system of communicant where you can use words and written symbols and they allow you to produce an infinite number of messages. Rule Systems Phonology – The sound system. 1) Phonemes – the basic unit of sound. Also the smallest sound that effects meaning. Morphology – The smallest units of meaning in language. 1) Morphemes – a word or part of a word that cannot be broken into smaller meaningful parts. a. Ex… S, Pre-, -tion, -ing, -ed, -er Syntax – has to do with how the words are arranged in the sentence. Semantics – the meaning of the words and sentences. Deals with how we combine words. Pragmatics – deals with the appropriate use of language in different contexts. (having a conversation where you take turns… also when you speak differently in different situations. ) How does language Develop? Infancy – Cooing (1-2 mos) – this is when the baby makes the vowel like noises. Babbling (4 mos) – adding a consonant to their vowel sounds. Without hearing humans speak Until this time, language wont develop any further. Gestures (6-12 mos) – a lot of kids will start pointing / showing to help facilitate communication. *****Iverson and Goldin-Meadow (2005)***** -10 Children, 10-24 months -Observed 8 times – play and meal time - Looked for any attempt to direct the adults attention. Adults instructed to ignore ritual acts Like blowing kisses or patty cake. - Results found 3 different types of gestures – Deictic Gestures – when the child doesn’t yet Have the vocabulary word for this item and will hold and show or point at it. Conventional Gestures - nod head up and down. Gestures we understand to mean things. Aka, flapping Arms like a bird. Ritualized Gestures – when the child wanted something they would extend Their arm and do what Jordan does when she asks for something. Repeated opening and Closing of the hand. -Gestures are an important part of these language milestones.
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- Baby sign language Why do it? Earlier communication, can say they want something before they can say it, nice to know what’s going on with the baby before they can tell you, and the muscles in their hands develop before they can speak . You can typically start this around 6 mos. Benefits: when a hearing baby uses sign language, they can communicate at an earlier age, and tend to have larger vocabularies and are able to string many words together. Also, kids who use sign language throw fewer temper tantrums and there is much less frustration the parent and the child. - First words – before we say our first word, we can typically understand the meaning of words b/w 8-12 months. Use easiest sound sequences for first words (mama, dada bye-bye, nigh night). Typically b/w 10/15 months when they say their first word. Besides being easy to say, its typically something that is important to them. They practice pronouncing sounds in words. Around 18mos, they have about 50 words. Around 2 yrs, 200 words. 6 years of age, 10,000 words.
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What is Language - What is Language? (Test 3 Material)...

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