This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: POSSIBLE HISTORY TEST QUESTIONS 7. What aspects of Zoroastrianism seem like modern religions? How do you think the teachings of Zarathustra would influence the believers behavior and attitudes at the time? There are two main forces. Ahura Mazda was the good God. Everything good and happy came from him. The other was an evil spirit named Angra Mainyu. He was the independent and malignant adversary of Ahura Mazda. They were in a cosmic conflict. Zarathustra believed that they would struggle for thousands of years and then Ahura Mazda would finally prevail. He would banish Angra Mainyu forever. At this time, the individual people would be judged based on the holiness of their thoughts, words, and deeds. Honest and moral individuals would enter into a heavenly paradise, whereas demons would fling their evil brethren into a hellish realm of pain and suffering. This is the basic concept of heaven/hell, and judgment that is found in Christianity, and other modern religions. Zoroastrianism also taught that the earth was not something to hate, but was a gift from God. People were allowed to enjoy things and pleasures as long as they did it in moderation and behaved honestly towards others. Darius and the following Achaemenid emperors began to closely associate themselves with Ahura Mazda. So people of the day may have attempted to act in accordance with the idea that people would be judged by the way that they acted. They would attempt to act Honest, and holy, in effort to reach paradise. 8. What did the discovery of the Tomb of the First Emperor tell us about China during the Qin? His final resting place was a lavish tomb constructed by 700,000 workers as a monument to the First Emperor. Rare and expensive grave goods accompanied the emperor in burial, along with sacrificed slaves, concubines, and many of the craftsmen who designed and built the tomb. Qin Shihuangdi was laid to rest in an elaborate underground palace lined with bronze and protected by booby traps. The ceiling was filled with paintings of the stars and planets, while a huge map of the First Emperors realm, with flowing mercury representing its rivers and seas, decorated the floor. Buried in the vicinity of the tomb itself was an entire army life-size pottery figures to guard the emperor in death. Since 1974, when scholars excavated the area, more than 15,000 terra-cotta (backed clay) sculptures have come to light, including magnificently detailed soldiers, horses, and weapons....
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 151 taught by Professor Howard during the Spring '08 term at Calvin.
- Spring '08