2nd History Test - / 13. ART NOUVEAU 2004u One explanation...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–13. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 6
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 8
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 10
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 12
Background image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: / 13. ART NOUVEAU 2004u One explanation for the rugged silhoutte of the many of Gaudi's buildings is the influence of what spiritual landmark? Moursezm-r 20. Major difference between Horta's designs and Guimard's was 'T'HAT‘ l .201MARD U ‘ ll/lZED LNDDSEiZlle-LZRFLOM 6ND VAEUXFON ’r‘mzwr—i A Kn" or: Rims 33. What two structural elements unique to his time did Gaudi employ in many of his buildings? a. ll>5ggfigug CURVES b. SQUINCH ‘73 24. The author of Entretiens of 1863, which argued for a return to regional building and quoted Gothic architecture as the model of a structurally rational style was: VIOLLE’IT-LE 'Duc; 36. Hector Guimard is best known for the design of the C—SUBNAY SFATDM o'F/l’gfizfi‘» MET-:20 4. Why did Gaudi incline his columns? [5 Piss-r (9 EM... w/ l HDUS‘T 1 1. The other major Belgian Art Nouveau architect besides Horta was E V "2 EL 11. List two of Viollet—Ie-Duc's major ideas that were very influential during the 18803 and 1890s. a. ’TgNSDN In METAL VS- COMFEEschM IN b.?€€>IOMAU$M /NATIOMA§!3 __ £119”) gran: 22. The trademark formal element of Art Nouveau was the fiusPl/UG Cownws? 0" " ‘ ‘ : ‘1 12. What theoretician was very influential on the work of Victor Horta? VIQLLE—T-LE— “Doc; 9. Describe Gaudi‘s technique of structural analysis and design: Daria/v1: W 112E AMI; file/‘E WEIGHTfi THEMED _TO BE. ml Cowaassksu 1. The Belgian Art Nouveau architect who eventually moved to Berlin was Veg [Q5 MELDE 3. The German equivalent of Art Nouveau was called 77/4. @ List three architectural movements in the 19th Century that we have studied this quarter that were manifestations of the rise of nationalism: a. ART b. STRUC‘UW c. @‘n—uc (\ke'brrgggflw _ 5. The Paris subway stations were designed by Gun/mg; 10. The difference between Horta's curvilinear lines and those of van de Velde was m 18. The best explanation for the inspiration of the exterior form of Sagrada Familia is 1 HP: 1NFLUENCE’ 0F Mymr‘gnggr 14. The theoretician who had the greatest influence on the development of Art Nouveau architecture was: VIOLLET- L; :Dch 28. Gaudi's patron in Barcelona was GUE; la 27. Victor Horta is known for what style of architecture ? Z SRT 319 UVfiAL2 ‘17-'3'1." e’» v , , 18. A distinguishing motif of Art Nouveau was the 14. The arches used by Gaudi had a meme profile. 38. Art Nouveau architecture originated in what country? I: L. I M 37. The architect known for his wire and fishing weight models used to determine the structure of his buildings was (agar . 16. 15. 17. 20. 34-2 24. 27. 18. 11. 34. 14. SECESSION/MACKINTOSH (2004M What project by Mackintosh exhibited at the Secession had a profound influence on these designers? House 125?. Av Am LOWE? The nickname given to the group of four designers centered around Mackintosh because of the colors and forms they used was the W:— Margaret McDonald's signature motif was the 7265: o The city that was the center of German applied arts and the home of the Ernst Ludwig school of art was __M__ What influence did Glasgow have on Mackintosh's design approach? WE “pfislg—LQACLAJ =5Luqu:_JéLrs_E12$_fifl[_$ij7§Umea J,“ - - The architect of the Secession building was . 5m 0; (Sac—kl The winner of the competition for the Vienna subway system was GHQ W? What two geometric shapes are prevalent in Mackintosh's symbolism? a. among ~ b. CI‘ZCJ-E?éSOFFCU1ZUE$) Describe Mackintosh's approach to the design of interior spaces: M W[ WMCFIONF Egg;me om hrs @mamfim’l Compare Hoffmann's approach in design of surface and volume with that of Wright's: _ OFF-Wéfiofla ~_ \NQK‘oHT TD‘E-EM‘PHfislzgg CD’QNELZ AND Exvassa$ VOLUME VERY 'PL—AHA'E- “ List three differences between the exterior of a Voysey house and that of a Mackintosh house. a “2333 N b. Ale—TEAM c. is, 136le Alch What city did Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig try to make into a German "Athens?" "Dazmsr AD‘l" HEE—__ Name the firm that Joseph Hoffmann helped to start that produced high quality objects and furnishings for houses: News; WFRKSIA—fla Ow-ro WAGNER Z The painter who collaborated with Olbrich in the design of the Secession Building was (EUSTAJ ELM]: was the "father figure" of the Secessionists. "I am particularly interested in the square as such and in the use of black and white as dominant colors, because these clear elements have never appeared in earlier styles," is a quote by HOFFW The Secessionists were located in what city ? V lENNA The two people responsible for the design of the Secession Building were: a. 51’ \c H b. éosrmi gun/n" List two tectonic elements in the Glasgow School of Art which permit it to be said that the design expressed a beginning of a "modern architecture." AW W'EY gametes; 39. Charles Rennie Mackintosh had a connection with which continental European art movement? 1 5. SCAND (2004M 29. 31. 35 7-2 26-4 9-2 12. 38-2 33. The elevational treatment used in the entrance facade of Grundtvig church is best described as S‘Tm Gaza; Where did this form originate in Denmark? ' 1 I6 I ‘PE List two precednts for S arinen's final esign of the main ent in the Helsinki Railroad Station: gun“, c5835.. Doe: 04.321 ‘3 N51- Luowcr. House: (GRAND 'Puwrm. Am...) The Kallio Church was designed by M Describe the elevational treatment Saarinen typically used in the towers of his Finnish buildings: __Q_..—_nmm$ Ugng Q3433 wZ Hat) Cameras 4%KEND)__ The building typically credited with the start of the National Romantic movement in Scandinavia is __Q7£M@__eri/A&___ The Tampere Cathedral was designed by L-A’W—S SSMCK What device is used in 29 Stockhol City Hall to link it with the adjacent lake? VEzr.CN_ mag "The arrangement of a vertical force against a contrasting and balancing horizontal volume" best describes the compositional theory employed by ELIEL fig‘zwm . The movement in Scandinavia at the turn of the century that was a genuine attempt to interpret the indigenous tradition of each of the respective countries is referred to as N»:ka gammic List two reasons why Saarinen preferred to incorporate a vertical element in the massing of his buildings: a. [Q m Ag URBAN LflJ'DN‘ARK b._LMQE_iLZME_Ji Etc NT 0 The style that evolved in Finland to express and reserve the indi enous culture in the face of increasing pressure by the czar to 'russify‘ Finland was glam NAl. ii Mfltc, Saarinen's favorite interior color was ( 3R “EEAJ o The typical Saarinen formal composition incorporated a \(mg; element to AN! LHEE vaggsg is the name of residential compound of Gesellius, Lindgren, and Saarinen. GL8 W "Hvittrask" was the name given to the residential complex of 16. CONCRETE (2004u) Read The airship hangars at Orly were designed by EMT; figraswg 1 10-2 4-4 16—6 29-2 35-2 12-2 14-2 39-2 37. 15. 16. 22. 22. 28. The original purpose of the Dom-ino system was to 133115011X) mm}? S AFTER What two things were necessary to be developed in the late 18th/early 19th centuries to enable the evolution of modern concrete structures? a._H§CDgo[1C. CEMEgI b. VENUQMZLED CaUCREJ’E. _ List three reasons why Larson considers reinforced concrete, and not iron, to have been the material more responsible for the development of modern architecture: a. ALLDNED CANWLF'VEK. TO REMOVE @LUMM “F'lzoM ELEV/{rim} b.___NL>___’EEEciDEMT W/ 43%S_E12___QQQQE_§I§ ____ __ c. RID ~ BE— 'F’O’IZIWED "‘b _vvr:te;r:s_uEg___ 0‘ ' §+aucrutzm MN eusm _ . Ernest Ransome‘s concrete framed factories bore a stunning resemblance to those desrgned at the same time by what French pioneer in concrete? The first important French contractor of reinforced concrete prior to the Franco-Prussian War was: 95w cor:_ Confirm: _ The architect chosen by Henry Ford to design his factories in Detroit was ALBERT f<AHN CAN 'Frr l Mona FLOOR What economic advantage did the Hennebique system enjoy in Paris? UNDER HEIQHT‘ L/mm— What was the secret of Roman cement that was rediscovered in the 19th Century? FOEDEED fig THPo“ Ag.on Camam— "To SW3: w/o EX’Png‘QE To Agnew/415125 (H‘fDRouc CGNQ‘Rg-E The French rationalist tradition, started by Soufflot, and best represented by the work of Perret, was a quest to synthesize the ideas of what two historic styles? b. Gov—ch a. GREEK What other theoretician, besides Viollet—le-Duc influenced the work of Perret? A U (5051' CHCMSY What two theoreticians influenced the work of Perret? \lwm. LPDUC mus, CH0.“ The architect responsible for the early use of reinforced concrete structures in the design of the first automobile factories in Detroit was mu . The first skyscraper constructed with a reinforced concrete frame was the EM BJLDNC—r. The Swiss engineer famous for his graceful, shallow arched, three-hinged concrete bridges was Portland Cement was first invented in which country ? EMéLAM VD The demise of terra—cotta fireproofing that led to the universal acceptance of reinforced concrete was a result of w 6w aucesco WHQWKE In which country was the principle of reinforcing concrete first developed? 'F—TQAMQ‘: What advantage did reinforced concrete enjoy over iron from the viewpoint of structural rationalists? Egggfmcfis Covazap .Lraou w/ ALch PIKE—WFED MATERIAL, Which French engineer built an international concrete company after the Franco-Prussian War? What was the name of Tony Garnier's socialist utopian city which employed concrete housing and solar- power? __ GTE/ 'NpUSTS-llELLE What is generally regarded as the first American reinforced concrete building? WlLUAr/L “W3 A CAgn-E ’ COIQQZETE 17. GERMAN WERKBUND 12004ul 32. R-2 23-2 30-2 20. 2‘6. 21. 30. 25-2 34-2 38-2 35-2 18-2 The Wasmuth Volumes documented the early work of WKLGli—T’" . The term, raumplan, was devised by ADOL'F Loos incorporated interpenetrations of spaces. The Steiner House was designed by About: LmS r. Define Kuntswollen: lDerDOAt= AEU'SI ‘S‘ Agtpfi 10 m m The German term for an individual "imposing one's artistic will" upon a design problem is KiE-SNOLL—EkL— to describe his interiors which The German architectural writer who mythologized the English Arts and Crafts house at the term of the century wasML— Gropius was responsible for the design of what building at the 1914 Cologne Exhibition? " _C1QQ;LE.J:AQ:QE____ Name two leading designers that were placed in charge of a major German school of design prior to W | a. 01.3mm b. MAN Dr; VEL’DE 4- ppm EEHZE’NS arc: Loos' major criticism of the Deutscher Werkbund was that it Mtszmgsew T ’Eiflgfx _£_QB;>_EC_’V§__IEEY__WESE_IEN_5_IQ (MPKOUE to design the model factory for its 1914 The Deutscher Werkbund chose 650?“) g Cologne exhibition. The final design was influenced by what Wright building? AEG The author of "Ornament and Crime" was [.005 . Peter Behrens was hired by to redesign its corporate image. AEG of Germany hired BEHQEA 1§ to redesign its entire image, production, and buildings. One of the three founders of the Deutscher Werkbund was [flagggu )5 . Gropius was responsible for what building at the 1914 Deutscher Werkbund Exhibition? MODEL. EIGOTEY Das Englische Haus was written by HERMAN MWHESLQS . I WHT MlAS TRYING 61m°%_£\lig‘( A9593. 5"; DEE What was Loos' opinion of Gesamtkunstwerk ? What was the primary difference in intention between a Kahn-designed factory and a Behrens-designed AEG factory? M LANE) MIA-LS: WORK) Kw 'DE‘SiCpNEb 7th gamma EW/czmcg/BEHRENS éE‘EMAM Sprzfi’ The m“ H E1: was founded to encourage the improvement of machine production in Germany. Behrens was greatly influenced by which philosopher? N l E'l’ZSCHE SEfiizml—Ig 1:012 gvmteau c Herman Muthesius used which type of building as the model for Germany to emulate in order to improve its . . . 7 burlding desrgn. A S g C12 TS HOuSE 37-2 How Wagus factory as an inverse of the AEG Turbine factOIY? @mdbg figs: MIMMIZES‘ CHKNETZ , UOLUME @ What was Loos' criticism of Behren's designs? ALL. M " EN D .IOB‘A’ECrg 2. Adolf Loos' major written treatise on architecture was NVEN C211“! W65 3. The Fagus Works was designed by ( fi'flfi A 1. The German architectural theorist who noted the inferior quality of German manufactured goods at the 1851 World's Fair way—m . MU‘Tf-‘ESIU S 18. EXPRESSIONISM 12004ui R-2 The architect of the Luckenwalde Hat Factory and Dyeworks was EEIQH [ma SQflAZ 4. What was the major difference between de Klerk and Kramer's exterior design methodologies? / ———-—AEDJImL———5L_M;VE_.—__—— €69 Did Mies extrude the Iotlines of the site in both of his glass skyscraper proposals? Why? No ; __mN$ Of ’6 S __ 14-2 The designer of the German Glass Industry Pavilion at the 1914 Deutscher Werkbund exhibition II... was EU& I Agfl . What was Berlage's opinion of Dutch urban housing? Sonora-reg) T'BDM NW 10. Name the two Dutch "expressionis " architects best known for their designs of worker housing in Amsterdam during WWI. a. E 55:25 b. 4-4 The two young Dutch expressionists who worked in the office of Johan van der Meij were: a_ TDE been b. Kane/fig ______ 1 1 . The father of modern Dutch architecture who was an early advocate of Wright's work was kLpE_ 1. The home of Dutch Expressionism was AMM— 2. Fruhlicht was written by I AW 14. Give an example of a different German Expressionist architect who designed in each of the following materials: a. glass TAUT "Btuzlé b. brick magflktfims c. plasticism (concrete) Eli‘ng 27-2 Why was the cathedral viewed as the ideal historic building type for the German Expressionists? /\ __Lw:_330_o@m_MLAgisjmm:z _______________s_ ospiELHAUS _ _ _ _ 45.) 6205553 50““ was the major bunlding proiect that focused the energies of German expressionists immediately following the end of WI. 31. The Chilehaus in Hamburg was designed by :FKTZ. H565: 25. The author of "Glass Architecture" was I AOL 601%;ng 3. The Cathedral of Socialism was the ultimate goal of what movement? gagsSloN ($th . . .. . - - - . /‘ 3. "Alpine Architecture," "Fruhlicht," and "Down With SerIOUSIsm" were all written by 1 AUT— . 27-2 The Grosses Schauspielhaus in Berlin was designed by 2 {ANS ; Qflg'z I6 1. What was the 'crystal chain?‘ . " u F1256!“ 3 3. The first Expressionist glass skyscraper was designed by 1 gigs ymmfiz @flé 28-2 Which building represented Berlage's revival of the Dutch indigenous masonry tradition? AMSTERDAM STGQ‘ fix:qu 19. ART DECO (2004M 28. 32. 17-3 21-2 31-2 24-2 2-2. 12. 19. 21-4 21-4 17-2 32. 19. 1-2 8-2 21. Sketch the typical elevational/massing scheme for an Art Deco skyscraper: The traditional atrium in 19th century skyscrapers was quickly replaced by ELEEOTZ @ List three influences on the Art Deco skyscraper that came from Europe: a. (EM EXPRESSOMIST’ b. 'B'RICKWOEK’) "Eon-A331: éEoME‘rET MES C. a5 [510m gig __ The second-place winner of the Chicago Tribune competition was E EL. $ AARi ‘- What World's Fair (date and city) played a pivotal role in the development of Art Deco in the US? L“€i=tS___ What building project finally forced New York to initiate proceedings toward a zoning code that would .——_\ limit the size of skyscrapers: GED. M‘ ‘ fangs/Ne,’ W The conte crayon renderings of the design potential of the 1916 New York zoning code were drawn by The Autobiography of an Idea was written by LOUIS S; 31:; WAN The first Neo—Gothic skyscraper to break the stranglehold of Neo—Classicism in New York City was the thOLENQg! [d . List two precedents for the ornament used on the Art Deco skyscraper: a. Crugfl gm. EGZMEZEQ) b. List two precedents for the massing of the Art Deco skyscraper: a. [Nasalolc‘mflif UQED Fmow‘S IEMPLE c. ghgzwaw-s CHW l 2‘3UNE. BEAM ( “1&9 131E designed the Nebraska state Capitol. } Lg 3&2 designed the Singer Building, the first US. building to break the 600' mark. DW 5 The style of the Woolworth Building in New York City designed by Cass Gilbert can best be described as GMi—HQ The building that forced New York City to enact a zoning code in 1916 was designed by Seam Ernest Flagg's design of the Singer Building in New York can best be described as m sic‘ND m R The Chicago Tribune competition was won by HOOD & HOWELL—S I E The European city that was the inspiration for Wiley Corbet's and Hugh Ferris' multi-level city studies VEN ICE was Art Deco was based on rejecting contemporary technology and using the vocabulary of "traditional" architecture a. true w 17. Wright would later state that he was influenced by JAPng & (EfAYANTW WON in the design of his Californian "knit-block" houses. 31 . 6—4 5-2 28-2 6—2. 34-2. 37-2. 22. 10. Wright designed two highrise projects in the 19205. They are: a. NKF,L. LIPLJNQUZANC: b. 51’ MKEKv‘g in TELL; Ewart? Eaamb MAYm Describe how Wright achieved a two-story living area in the apartments in his proposed tower for St. Mark's in the Bowrie: EVE i. is noted as the first American architect to completely eschew the use of all ornament in his designs in favor of an asymmetrical massing of rectilinear forms with smooth, white—washed walls with frameless windows. designed the First Church, Christ the Scientist in Berkeley. MAYBE cg is best known for his eclecticism, being able to synthesize a diverse collection of stylistic elements with the technology of the day, including such off—the—shelf materials as industrial metal sash and sheet asbestos panels. The term that best describes the style of buildings designed by Bernard Maybeck is CPUFOTZMAL VEENM 0F [LIESJON STYLE The type of California house that influenced the work of Greene and Greene was known as the: BUNGALOW ___ "agar-ERRED Describe "knit—block" construction: CDNC‘REj—E W MUDUL-A'E Cszr-raacx—rc N} One of the major differences between the houses designed by Wright and those designed by Greene and Greene was that Wright used HI?> (type of) roofs while Greene and Greene used 55nd: roofs. "There is something very restful and satisfying to my mind in the simple cube house with creamy walls, sheer and plain, rising boldly into the sky, unrelieved by cornices or overhang of roof," is a quote by gfirg, which describes his inner feelings of his residential designs. List three precautions Wright designed into the Imperial Hotel in anticipation of seismic action. MM [RAFT ’32:“? f‘fl‘tON CO'P'P rig The architect recognized as the master of the early California "bungalow" in which sensuously—detailed wood construction and deep overhanging balconies were used was Gfiflfl g £535,535 mSJ/U is the name of Wright‘s compound in Spring Green. 20. ART/CONSTRUCTIVISM 12004ul 10. 17. 29-4 5-2 1 9-2 20-4 11-2 13-2 11-2 18. The architect of the Rusakov Worker's Club was M325! 1 KOV Name two avant-garde art movements which emerged in Russia just prior to the Russian revolution and the respective leader of each: 1 '_‘ lf I QB am— b, CONs’FEUCt‘iU (51‘s IMHN Name the two avant-garde architecture movements which emerged in Russia during the leadership of Lenin and an architect from each: a. QM s’fizo flNlSM b. ’T;*7’UN c. Egflthglasm d. MEI—,NiKoV The spiraling design for the proposed Monument to the Third International was conceived by /__. _ _. l “WALL __ The Futurist Manifesto was written by WI M E’T’l’l Constructivist architecture was primarily a product of this country: :13 355% . List two factors which occurred prior to 1860 that influenced the evolution towards abstraction on modern painting: “4 DWI NS /’_ a. FEEQ’PEQTNE b. l was the design school in Communist Russia that preceded the Bauhaus. [NE VK The primary objective of Cubist painting was 82mg: Mgr-10A; i 22, DYNAMISM Name a Russian Suprematist painter: KAN 5 (ms K [ Mg; onl-l . . . . . . . Gym? E J What three shapes did Cubists painters employ In their paintings? A I I Q 2 SPHERE ) CcNE Name a Cubist painter: n ss "Prouns," ideograms with a Utopian content, were conceived by Z L495 L'I ZK‘F fiTURiST 5 is the name given to a group of radical Italian designers who were prominent just prior to the start of WI. The Futurist movement was centered in What was one of the compositional goals of Cubist paintings? MLZLEEEE S LEW—dag ( The architect of the Centennial Hall in Breslau was 322G Describe Hugo Haring's design methodology as manifested in the Gut Garkau cowshed: Expat-3 TgRMAz. (5)3zmnggi,5giomM_Xa—_ FWD g; cg Q'F’ M15 3 ’PsrcHowa‘F To Wsm 112342.95 / a M Avast-i (“ram-u RE ENQESSOH l\l designed the Weimar government's new research tower for Einstein. $61!“ 512 designed the first Goetheanum. ...
View Full Document

This test prep was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 103 taught by Professor Larson during the Spring '08 term at University of Cincinnati.

Page1 / 13

2nd History Test - / 13. ART NOUVEAU 2004u One explanation...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 13. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online