1st History Test - 1-3. B 2 Gothic Baro ue 2004u 2....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–14. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 6
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 8
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 10
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 12
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 14
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 1-3. B 2 Gothic Baro ue 2004u 2. Describe the structural difference between a Roman and a Byzantine dome 12>MM5 19m, Don/was 6» A Orzo—mm? Am. /B(ZAMTINE “Dams usgb A ’PENDENTME 72>"Por ‘7’HE Dem: ON A m “Beer. 1. Byzantine architecture can be credited with the invention of what two new structural techniques? a. FENDEN‘T’IVE b. EpYrNe Bu mama-.53 2. From a construction standpoint, what problem did the pointed arch solve in the design of a gothic vault? 2f; minim/“ZED THE. NECCEerzY fizA'r—‘oubuué ’B‘r Bawe ABLE, To "Bull-D ’Pr-IE. ‘F'UZST‘ Va OF THE RZcH w/c Scarchpr/ue, on Can Crime: mugs flask BAY 3. (Lanna j&ag£m.:r was the first architectural theorist to discover and write that there was nota fixed set of proportions in the Classical orders. 4. The first building to have the new scientific approach to structure applied to it was: BM; @ 6T. “Par-52$ 5. Under what monarch was engineering first separated from architecture? Lows 25: 6. The first scientist to investigate the structural properties of materials was: GALILEO 4. The "primitive hut" was invoked by LAUQ‘ (E3 ' ‘ as the ultimate model for architects to emulate. Baroque architecture did not incorporate or exploit existing knowledge and technology: a. True To span the space betwen a circular dome and a square bay, Moslem architects typically used a series of arches built upon one another. This device is known as a 'PE. [gigging . 4. English Cast Iron12004u) 1. Rickman and Cragg were known for their prefabricated cast iron The first use of cast iron in English buildings was in what building type: CHURCHES (Gan—NC SYLQ The first large structure to use cast iron as the primary structural material was: COL-EMKM &D&E The Royal Pavilion at Brighton was designed by: x5on NASH What business forced the introductionof cast iron structures in building construction? LMSuEANQE Comma; CHURCH; s , 5. Arcade/Greenhouse (2004u) 1 . In 1817, the potential for iron to evolve a new architectural style devoid of Greek or Gothic ornament was first articulated by: 5 [’0 5; Deg ' T The Great Conservatory at Chatsworth was designed by: 05:? P on) The greenhouse In the Royal Gardens at Kew was desxgned by: Rmfim TuRME—R "Remarks on Hot Houses," was written by AOHN CLAUDLU 5 LO 0 DOM J. C. Loudon suggested the advantages of iron and glass construction prior to Thomas Rickman's cast iron churches. a. True 6. A&Q / LUTYENS Fl. GNEN Am 5 is the architect known for his use of geometric "themes" such as an arch turned into a semicircular step, to be rediscovered as a wall niche as well as being carried into the garden design as an amphitheater-like steps and a circular paving pattern. 4. List two typical details used in Queen Anne buildings: c. GABLBg f. a. &’ fig M51 WHITE. l 20% b_ N 0 6149651 CAL. 02 7. The author of Contrasts was oer/U 28. The mid-eighteenth century architectural theoretician who related the evolution of classical architecture back to the idea of a "Primitive Hut" was: ' LAUé/E'K 30. The “Red House," symbol of the beginning of the Arts and Crafts movement in England was designed by which architect ? w sLuAM M012ng 3; PHIL? WEBB 1. The German term for the "spirit of the times" is 2/57" 13T— 2. The Grammar of Ornamentwas authored by 0 W 5 SON ES 3. The L-shaped floor plan favored by Arts and Crafts designers was first championed by the theorist [Ea/Ag , as a critique of the symmetrical plans by FMQIO . 4. List three exterior details tyically found in a house designed by Voysey: Wong; _f_ ,@Jt’/T€ GREWJEAWE 'Por Irzom Samar” 13. What was the configuration of the floor plan in a typical Arts and Crafts house? A gHAPEIB Why was this configuration used? Cemth fitsm 8. The architect who initiated the Queen Anne style as an urban parallel to the Arts and Crafts style was ICHA a git-IAN 20. The movement in painting which influenced William Morris that was the parallel of the Gothic Revival in architecture was 1:12;» ifizdexg‘ ITES . 12. Owen Jones had an important influence in the architecture of the late nineteenth century by promoting what two sources for the development of new ornamental systems? a. NATURE b. i gt 7. Iron Towers 4. The first American structure to be erected with an iron frame that also supported its masonry envelope was NC [23,41,064 SHOT 72w 5:2 2. The cast iron-fronted building in America is generally regarded as the invention of W gdeA 12309 3. Describe Bogardus‘ proposed design for the 1853 New York World's Fair : GEN-(“EAL 4 $7232? is)ng w/ (fit-ST (EON FQONT The proposal to build the Eiffel Tower was greeted by vigorous opposition. b. False 3. The inventor of the American iron skeleton frame was : Ea GAEDU % 8. HHR 12004ul 28. 33. 27. 18. 16. List two architectural details Furness borrowed from Viollet—le-Duc: a. ( a’xt‘fid'T gfl 43a 5:6"; LCb C/SS VVL mks on “’9 Vwéa . . . _ (L03; {A 194 Vaud\ta"\ What does Larson credit or having inspired Richardson to eliminate the horizontal ban Ing rn lS elevations m j favor of one continuous surface? W’ 9 6H‘NC5LE" gT‘FLE HASUSE$ Fumess' search form "American" architecture was inspired by the writings of the philosopher hnmfié's‘ovd List three factors that influenced the final site plan of the Glessner House: Du” A checkerboard patterer square 5 ones created by alternating dark and light stones was a characteristic motif in the early work of t .\z ~ 54 The term used by many 19th Century American architects used to describe the quality they were searching for in their designs was «Eggs: 4 . The European architectural theoreti ian that was most influential on the work of Furness was: gzi‘gflct'l"§dcr , Compare the formal compositional tendencies in the last buildings designed by Richardson and the last designs by Furness: 4Q What reason did Richardson give for choosing the Romanesque as his point of inspiration for his work? (5-0:.6126‘13 Cc" "PLEJEL-F W... What building was first responsible for establishing Richardson as a national-known architect? ‘1 r‘ - \l V ‘ There were three libraries by Richardson shown in lecture. Sketch the concept of the floor plan that was repeated in all three projects: f M a), 9. SKYSCRAPER 2004u / 34. 30. 20. 31. 32. 15. 24. 11. 10. 35. “we The atrium skylight in a single-loaded corridor office building would be located at the Cen‘h'rf Besides the Roman house, what was the other historical precedent for the interior atrium of 19th Century skyscrapers? @m\ 0.57.227, (9 Why does Larson believe that the "vertical" elevation of a skyscraper could not have evolved during the 18703 or early 18803, but had to wait until the late 1880s? * T e style closest to describing the Equitable Life Insurance Building was . éCOND MERE: Why is the Equitable Building considered by many historians to be the first skyscraper? /’ —— 5:— ~* ’ i 9' 1, ,N v . T5: 159., ads/5%.»: 7' six? r" J" ’ 43,1042: 1‘ij r,”.-"".-i -«1’.,- x- The first skyscraper designed (but not built) for Chi ago was the k E (AA Q g Q :U a | «A ‘ “\j 1 List four projects in Cincinnati that contributed to its reputation as the "Paris of America" in the 1870s: a. b. ’1 .91“ - ‘x” c. Musk, lice“ d. Eeafilx'nfi *HWm gvfilj KFJMW‘ L r 6/ . ‘ riff $554581 The Renaissance palazzo provided what two precedents for the early skyscraper: a. Morgan? b. EILJa-klcgs f Plans/fl!) ‘ The first architecth Chicago to diign a skyscraper was 1" ‘ ( was the tallest building under construction in the U.S. during the last 25 years of the 19th Centu . Eb £ 1 is now being given credit for designing what most historians regard as the first skyscraper in the US. k Z a would have been the first skyscraper erected in Chicago had the 1871 fire not occurred. fined in e US. during the 18703? 7 WHITE’r—évl , Mx‘ck M353 What was the conventional color scheme of man of the buildings de - '7 The tallest building (exclude any “structures") under construction in the US. during the 18703 was ? What was the geopolitical significance of Chicago's location at the time of its founding? wits-mm ‘€M¢K’$ o o Name two 19th century American writers whose search for an American style paralleled the work of Richardson, Root, and Sullivan: [W ; ,z—r’“ a_ ,’p r‘ K _/ 19. Which material first‘led Richardson to eliminate the horizontal layering of his elevations? 5 h 9 a E \ «f S ; 9W ,3 6. What two advantages did Root's iron reinforced pad foundation have over the traditional foundations of the time? 32. ‘. eggA Cév mo 3 ‘ go. “:55: & summvps Q's s - E, U W\ & Ag; 8. Was Richardson responsible for bringing the "box" to Chicago? Explain. D o WADIS 41M 21. According to Larson, the major departure fromfRoot's prior designs in Richardson's design of the Marshall Field Wholesale Store was fi‘m rims/t? “1 "- ’5» :19 c/x :' owe”;— ¢ r VEzr‘. mo 6W WES ' ‘ ' 3. List three technical innovations incorporated in the design and construction of the Rookery: f U20“: CUE-rm” Fm,u& W C HEATED (karma-ON (SHEA-nut.) 30. What was a difference between the massing of a 18705 skyscraper in New York and a 18805 skyscraper in ' 4 J 2--~_‘¢f : —._.r-'" ,x- ,t ’- ' .---- v " 1’ :1;- Cruca‘gg Ewan: T: M '5'"??- 26. Name two buildings that used the progression-of layered arcades as their elé’iafign'afid'eg prior t-obthweflfield Wholesale store: a. ng r SQ" ([2 (' 1gb. E at“ ‘ Fit/L a“: 5- MEN ‘77“ line E as: vaBJRWC-MN :9 mar-(Ramb Bull-DING Sketch the ground floor plan of the Auditorium, showing ocation of the three major functions of the building. ’ Bum . .. . Mil». kfigkc/k. 25. The first skyscraper built in Chicago, the r\ , as desrgned by ' O a . 12. Larson credits Richardson with what achievement in the design of th Field Wholesale store? \ la; b 2 (1 M0 '6" Z a) tq'\'b\,\ Van-rm E05 . 22. The atrium skylight in the Rookery is located at the ‘ , c, 0 t’\ (v \0 0 Y“ 34. Adler and Sullivan were considered to be Chicago's leading design firm of what building type? I id cgétl V6.7 15. List two technical firsts developed by Root that allowed the skyscraper to evolve in Chicago: J y L K ,L—rcoN Elk-'1:wa l AD BuNDfi—mom 8. The . " scan/t) 5: was the last tall masonry bearing wall office building erected in Chicago. 10. IRON FRAME 2004u (a 1. The first use of iron columns in the exterior of a skyscraper was the ’4 542 m A. -5 22. i: 8 6T was the leading figure in the first Chicago School, who was responsible for the design of more skyscrapers than the rest of the school's figures combined. 13. List three major architectural firms of the Chicago School that were in practice from 1881 -1 891. Cw {Amt} '._. r"."s.i"..13\,_/L’=w f: 14:, '27" t! 5‘: 3 '1" it ‘ 'L'"I"~:‘"\.! ‘ if"; K c ‘ . r 28. Draw a “Chicago window.“ ' H a"). “ 6 he 6. What was the primary? ‘ sojor th lack of ornament in the Montauk and Monadnock Blocks? {13525) .14 fr; :3" C WNEY 21. The architect who was the first to be granted a U.S. patent for iron framing in skyscrapers was: .7: ,x: 4.0 A r we; 9. The atrium skylight in the Masonic Temple was located at the 15. The model for the design of the elevations of the First Leiter Building was {9% if? 54.3 “" 12. if Chicago cannot claim to have been the birthplace of the iron frame, what technical achievement central to the evolution of the skyscraper can it call its own? if?" f" i‘ {35"“867 “f if?“ "*t’ «1' (Tan: . -CMmB 20. What does Larson credit Root with having pioneered in the design of the elevations of the Monadnock and Masonic Temple? s .-_. 1L>.- - 4., COLUMN Nu, Ting-E25 wnarza [go My J 3 2. The leading figure of the Chicago School was 4- ’ 6 List three conceptual ways to design the elevation of a skeletal—framed skyscraper based on rational factors: A g A. f g“; _ 5 ~ t s', ML; L ~' .. . 9' . . . .. .. a. t._,.-'V~...;E’I v.5; 3" ’m-i t! !.’:’ s a; :2 6:“ (.76.![La’r4-‘n. .«2 L» b {:1}: at"? f/Lf; Vn. ;- ( w» "'—t y . gm ""., 26. Compare Root's exterior design approach to that of Sullivan's: Rani " 3 D Mé'kS g 4‘7 7 i $0“ Gki/\ 2 s UY—cheg 27. The material that allowed Sullivan to translate his interior stenciling to the exterior of a building was [iii/V 1’“ 5; Ci; 5%. 16. What two skyscrapers represent Root's ultimate achievement of using the building's structural system as the primary basis for the design of a skyscraper's elevation? !'\ l c.2419 , a. fw’i if) 1,9”:2.‘ i if f: 4";- EocK gfiffir-c ‘= A“ r €_'_ : :CLA",L,“IF:\IiL:-,_ 13. 11. 17. 25. 25. 29. 27. 24. 14. 15. 16. 18. Sketch the plan concept of the Odd Fellow's Tower 0K J&/ 46L The construction technique of the exterior of the Tacoma Building was first used in the X153- Xg 0&1? .1,“ List three ways in which weight was reduced in the construction of Chicago skyscrapers which enabled them to be built taller on the city‘s relatively weak soil: flee/W 5/ I: j / \ c. (SK—M red/WA [email protected]? d‘ (was, «f‘ lmm—COTT‘A l ado m OK The first use of iron columns in the exterior of a skyscraper was the The tallest atrium constructed in the 19m Century was in the M CL :55 V\ \ C/ . List two major differences in the conceptual design of the exteriors of the Masonic Temple and the Wainwright Building: ' a_ M ‘ ARC _ b. SQIQE‘IQWV3‘5<«3Q‘1’_ ) 1 -' f‘ ( /‘ rt The tallest building erected in Chicago during the First Chicago School was the WM fir ‘ '34 ~ a. Following his dictum "Form follows Function," Sullivan designed all the exterior columns in the Wainwright Building as elements. igl'f/(‘a'r’ a The first skyscraper to be constructed with an exterior wall of uniformly-dimensioned brick which was supported at each floor was the firm/«La v.1. :3. ,. g 3? g' The tallest atrium designed by Root was in the ‘1 L. What building in Chicago was almost a direct copy of the Shillito's Store? ‘5 9; 517“; Evil”! 61 a Who was its architect? (1:4 1.3;; ,I The first exterior use of the Rookery atrium's hung-masonry curtain wall was on the g it " rt . . .7 ,l : . . Who was Its architect? Mai-m" 1; mm. m; What two differences were there in Buffington‘s patent that proves he was not influenced by the Home Insurance Building: . \ x a. (/1379 g g bra—at‘fi b. Ex U'l ififlg % g51—€,§ Sketch the plan concept of the Odd Fellow's Tower . l l J ' - ‘ . ’ ta~ “A i‘ 0l13iu‘5 f DV’L,(_V’C‘ “a n Sullivan's best-remembered phrase was: " a s 11. CLASSICAL REVIVAL (2004M 8. 26. 17. 13. 28. 2—2 22-2 17. \ What is the difference between scientific eclecticism and synthetic eclecticism? MW Dcrcto [,5 gears a 5 «- AND N What did the Rookery, the Tacoma Building, and the Flatiron Building have in common? Void/WE 74 ( a €>CSTW§L Stanford White is known for what style of architecture7jmari 5M Ema/u; 33m A La (N63 C lass) The building generally credited as the start of the American Renaissance Revival (Neo—classical) in the 18803 was the Bo F0 R) H 6L Luafifl‘j The 1909 Plan of Chicago was inspired by what other city? a 8.611% The Singer Building was designed and constructed by Crn as ‘3’ S 0% “1 \J Briefl describe how McKim ty ically started the design 0{ his buildings: v'uglrlé duT’SC mm fan Sketch the floor plan of Pennsylvania Station: The recedent used for the desi n of Penns lvania Station was 5532;! ' ’ ‘ p ,1” , The precedent used for the exterior design of the Boston Public Library was ST. (gamed 3 au 6, Where was exposed iron and glass used in Penn Station? 5vM§ . c Q in CO v V‘e—s What major building (non-residential) i considered fibe the_first significant Neoclassical Revival design in late 19th Century America? E a; 0 A U M \ \r C“ L“ L ( 2W6 175:1 s Egyfi' received the credit for the success of the 1893 World's Fair design. The architect often considered to be the first American urban planner was Bur n\"\ “m Cm) The 1893 Chicago World's Fair was built in the (A as S; L‘\\style. The Boston Public Library was designed by M,ki‘nx’i"\bw>\1\g\‘rl_\{y£ "Magke no little plans, they have no imagination to stir men's blood..." is a quote credited to g g S 2 A g n . The architect of the "Golden Door" of the Transportation Building at the 1893 World’s Fair was Louis suniuovfl The 2%iéeggenerally2redited as starting the American Renaissance Revival (Neo—classical) was \M 25. Name two architects that designed buildings that were located around the Court of Honor at the 1893 World's Fair: t ‘ . b a'——fi—Zfi————————— UAW xX‘ The "White City" was the nickname given to 1‘ ,Im‘ egg 0 The success of the 1893 Chicago's World's Fair launched the career of Bu r Mm as America's first urban planner. 12. WRIGHT AND PRAIRIE SCHOOL 12004ul 16. What was the major difference in the way Wright designed the interiors of his houses versus those of his institutional buildings during his Prairie House period? [viozvai'kiw ‘ TO Gaww‘rb Egg—3&9; 1‘th Zcr;ru'pm_=&_0l¢gg ’ic“ (Warns: “MALE Wing-EMA LL—EAJLL-D‘_;;Nes _ Mike. Gem-mm d3 ‘33:? (spam 7o 3er (firmwares vs. MVTEru‘GiTZ‘T as) - - rillawm in! )HE mama: Noam-tug What was the symbolism intended by Wright when he used it? _i_-i~ 1% A S‘TWGEECJLB (3T: _BEAEE_.£;T_;N_VQE‘ _~_ _______ __ 9. Define inglenook 6. The only two non-residential buildings designed by Wright during his Prairie School phase that were constructed were: a_ UNITT‘ iEMFLIE— _ ' ' ‘= ’ QiLDiiV a 25. Sketch the site plan and pedestrian approach of the Robie House: 2. Sketch the movement sequence from entry to sanctuary to Fellowship Hall in Unity Temple. 32):)? Tz'fiivx C; v: E 23. Describe why and how Wright used ornamental banding in his interiors: EBAfiiJflE "Tva Amtmb 61352.22 74> “Emma-rs" coma; AND L‘PLQE Oat-sass ‘T’f—HNK no ST) 19. What was Wright's view of contemporary technology with respect to his designs? UTiL'lZE-D ____J:L :EQU‘T Dl'DM‘T W ‘10 DKCTATE Aggraiz: '1 4. The type of geometric organization used in the plans of Wright's prairie houses is known as the Ax:ng ( "KSD 7. List three influences on the development of Wright's design process that occured prior to the start of his Prairie houses: 13. "The spirit in which these buildings are conceived sees all these together at work as one thing. All are to be studiously forseen for in the nature of the structure. All these things should become mere details of the character and completeness of the structure. Incorporated (or excluded) are lighting, heating and ventilation. The very chairs and tables cabinets and even musical instruments, where practicable, are of the building itself..." was written by_'t4:mr______. 22. Draw and explain Wright's detailing of the brick in the Robie House: Hog. Gatouf ts, GEE-5,12 ’ wig—hue Vaznma... QCDIMT$ 106%; "’t’TC'/’KZE\>: ‘0 NWTCLH THE. £3;ch 26. The Coonley House was designed by WRIGHT" 34. List two details that Wright used to impart a horizontal accent to the exteriors of his Prairie Houses: a. Orazwhoezwea 73cm? uw 33. Diagram (major spaces only) the plan of the Larkin Building. 36. The term used to describe the geometry of the plans Wright‘s Prairie Houses is ‘ 20. 22. 40. Sketch the floor plan of Unity Temple. Bot-ruin (fir; List three characteristics of Wright's Prairie Houses: 12:94) b, C. ['\}‘\AL, RUM» a. é'mmc A‘s-2cm _ . . . . . Sketch a vertical transverse cross-section of the central office space In the Larkrn Burldlng. /N at, E moo :21 —“ space: ./ h l d. new OF at VOW-war: 2&20. KHCHEH i r I UNITY TEMPLE lépuipn M2513: ' I ...
View Full Document

This test prep was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 103 taught by Professor Larson during the Spring '08 term at University of Cincinnati.

Page1 / 14

1st History Test - 1-3. B 2 Gothic Baro ue 2004u 2....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 14. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online