congresswilson - The Powers of Congress To lay and collect...

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The Powers of Congress To lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises To borrow money To regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the states To establish rules for naturalization (that is, to become a citizen) and bankruptcy To coin money, to set its value and punish counterfeiting To fix the standard of weights and measures To establish a post office and post roads To issue patents and copyrights by inventors and authors To create courts inferior to the Supreme Court To define and punish piracies, felonies on the high seas and crimes against the  law of nations To declare war To raise and support an army and navy and make rules for their governance To provide for a militia (reserving to the states the right to appoint militia officers  and to train the militia under congressional rules) To exercise exclusive legislative powers over the seat of government (that is the  District of Columbia) and other places purchased to be federal facilities (forts,  arsenals, dockyards, and "other needful buildings") To "make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into  execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this constitution in  the government of the United States"      The Evolution of Congress Power in the hands of a congress instead of a parliament This prevents all powers from being concentrated on a single government  institution Creation of a bicameral legislation, the House and the Senate The House, which has always been powerful, has changed the way that it is  organized: o It has always been big, but it wants to be big and powerful. This means  power in the institution and power for the individual congressman o The members lack individual powers The Senate, much smaller with only 100 members, individuals can hold power in  the house  
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Incumbency: generally incumbents are re-elected. There are pages and pages about  this, but in the end 96% of incumbents are re-elected. You need to really screw up to  not come back.    How Congress Acts There are three theories as to how congress behaves: representational,  organizational, and attitudinal.
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