Wilson Ch 5

Wilson Ch 5 - Wilson Ch 5 Civil liberties are often thought...

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Wilson Ch 5 Civil liberties are often thought of as the set of principles which we fight to protect In reality the constitution includes the Bill of Rights which is a list of competing  rights and duties o Ie: when one person exerts one right and one person exerts an opposing  one Applying the Bill of Rights to the States o Applied initially only to the federal government o After the civil war this began to change with the rights of newly freed  slaves and states applying the 14th and 15th amendments o 14th amendment- cannot deprive any person of life, liberty or property  without  due process of the law  o No state can deny any person the rights guaranteed under federal law o The Supreme court began the process of selective incorporation which  allowed the supreme court to apply laws to states. Now, the entire bill of rights  is applied to states with the  exception of: The right to bear arms (2nd amendment) The right not to have soldiers forcibly enter quartered private  homes ( 3rd amendment( The right to be indicted by a grand jury before being tried for a  serious crime ( 5th amendment) The right to a jury trial in civil cases ( 7th amendment) The ban on excessive bail and fines (8th amendment) o Freedom of the press is essential to a free state, the press should enjoy  freedom from prior restraint- this is the freedom from censorship or rules telling  a newspaper in advance what it can publish   Freedom of Speech o
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Wilson Ch 5 - Wilson Ch 5 Civil liberties are often thought...

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