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exam II with answers

exam II with answers - Spring 2008 Exam II PSY/LIN U466...

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Spring 2008: Exam II – PSY/LIN U466 Cognition Name:_______________________ Multiple Choice (1 point each) Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Please use capital letters (A, B, etc.) on the line to indicate your choice. ____ 1. Broadbent, in proposing his filter theory of attention, argued that an attentional filter lets some information through and blocks out the rest. This filter is based upon a. the meaning of the message b. a low-level physical characteristic of the message, such as its location c. the importance of the message d. a random selection of characteristics e. none of the above ____ 2. The "cocktail party effect" refers to the fact that the listener’s attention is drawn when ____ is embedded in an unattended message. ____ 3. Wood and Cowan switched a passage in participants' unattended ear to backwards speech, and reported that performance in shadowing the other ear ***this question was not counted because of an error in the correct answer ____ 4. According to Treisman's attenuation theory, the cocktail party effect occurs because: ____ 5. The major difference between filter theory and late selection theory is that a. only filter theory hypothesizes a bottleneck in the process. b. only late selection theory hypothesizes a bottleneck in the process. c. both hypothesize a bottleneck, but filter theory places it later in the process. d. both hypothesize a bottleneck, but filter theory places it earlier in the process. e. only filter theory proposes that meaning is the basis for selection.
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