exam II with answers

exam II with answers - Spring 2008: Exam II PSY/LIN U466...

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Spring 2008: Exam II – PSY/LIN U466 Cognition Name:_______________________ Multiple Choice (1 point each) Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Please use capital letters (A, B, etc.) on the line to indicate your choice. ____ 1. Broadbent, in proposing his filter theory of attention, argued that an attentional filter lets some information through and blocks out the rest. This filter is based upon a. the meaning of the message b. a low-level physical characteristic of the message, such as its location c. the importance of the message d. a random selection of characteristics e. none of the above ____ 2. The "cocktail party effect" refers to the fact that the listener’s attention is drawn when ____ is embedded in an unattended message. a. backward speech b. the listener's name c. a section of repeated words d. music e. a switch in language ____ 3. Wood and Cowan switched a passage in participants' unattended ear to backwards speech, and reported that performance in shadowing the other ear ***this question was not counted because of an error in the correct answer a. was unaffected for all participants. b. included more errors for all participants during the time that the backwards message was being played. c. included more errors for only the participants who did not notice the backwards message. d. included more errors that peaked 10 to 20 seconds after the backward message began, for those that did notice the [backward] message. e. actually improved during the 30 seconds that the backward message was being played in the unattended ear. ____ 4. According to Treisman's attenuation theory, the cocktail party effect occurs because: a. words like your own name have permanently lowered thresholds for recognition. b. your name is primed by the context of the conversation you are currently listening to c. perception of expected information is easier than perception of unexpected information. d. its physical characteristics make it "stand out" from surrounding conversation. e. none of the above -- Treisman's theory cannot explain the cocktail party effect. ____ 5. The major difference between filter theory and late selection theory is that a. only filter theory hypothesizes a bottleneck in the process. b. only late selection theory hypothesizes a bottleneck in the process. c. both hypothesize a bottleneck, but filter theory places it later in the process. d. both hypothesize a bottleneck, but filter theory places it earlier in the process. e. only filter theory proposes that meaning is the basis for selection.
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____ 6. In the Stroop effect, subjects have difficulty correctly naming the color of ink that a word is written in when: a. the word is unrelated to the topic of color b. the word names the color of ink c. the word names a color which is not the ink color d. the "word" is not a word at all, but a pronounceable nonsense syllable e. the "word" is not a word at all, but an unpronounceable sequence of consonants without vowels ____ 7. In Schneider and Shiffrin's classic study of visual search for targets, which of the following variables DID have an effect on processing in the consistent-mapping condition?
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSY U466 taught by Professor Soderstrom during the Spring '08 term at Northeastern.

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exam II with answers - Spring 2008: Exam II PSY/LIN U466...

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