Nationalism - Bloody June Days battle in Paris 20,000...

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Bloody June Days: counterrevolutionary battle in Paris. 20,000 people killed in Paris. Order and stability returns to Paris. Legacy and Conclusions of 1848 Revolution: left many of the French middle class mistrustful of the Republics. Government of the people a bad thing. No clear-cut goals of these revolutions. Divisions too strong to actually succeed. End of the Revolutions. Taught later governments how to maintain law and order. Last movement trying to stop Industrial Revolution. Finally placed the middle class in the same caste as the old aristocracy. Revolutions in Labor: from Workshop to Factory Foundations of Industrialization: High agricultural productivity is key building block of industrialization. Must have food for industrial workers. Water access for transportation is necessary. Population Growth: heightened agriculture results in population growth. Once a high population density is achieved, specialization in labor is developed. Great Britain leads the way in this first Industrial Revolution. Britain had very large Coal deposits, which fueled the growing revolution. Britain is close to water, so transportation is easy. Role of the Americas: symbiotic relationship with Great Britain. Strong economic ties to Britain. Exported raw materials and primary goods (sugar, cotton, timber, wheat, beef) in exchange for British finished goods (boots, pots, pans, glass, cotton cloth). America was a safety valve for British surplus population. Mechanization of the Cotton Industry: consumer demand spurns an evolution of the cotton industry. Turned to new inventions. The Flying Shuttle: 1773- John Kay invents this machine that allowed faster and easier production of woven cotton. Mule: Samuel Crompton's invention that spun cotton thread. Attached a steam engine on the mule to churn out cotton thread much faster. Edmund Cartwright: Clergyman who invented a water-powered loom. Calicoes: inexpensive, brightly-colored cotton textile. Made very popular during the Industrial Revolution due to mass production of textiles. Steam Power: most critical development of this era. James Watt builds the first practical steam engine. Iron and Steel: Coke used during production. Purified coal that burned off iron impurities more efficiently. Steel used to build bridges, buildings, etc. .. Steel extremely expensive to make, so iron was often used instead. Henry Bessemer: the Bessemer Converter developed by this dude. large quantities of high-grade steel a result of this converter. Steel quickly replaces all iron products. Factory system becomes common in industrial economies. Master craftsmen were given respect before the revolution. By mid-19 th century the new machines were too large and expensive for home use, so a centralized factory system became necessary. Working Conditions: 12-15 hour work days. Injuries common. Child-labor. Time is
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course WORLD CIV. 2013 taught by Professor Gradstudent during the Spring '08 term at Arkansas.

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Nationalism - Bloody June Days battle in Paris 20,000...

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