XII - [email protected] XII Recovery and Rebirth The...

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[email protected] XII. Recovery and Rebirth: The Renaissance A. Meaning and Characteristics of the Italian Renaissance i. “rebirth” ii. 1350 to 1550 - in Italy felt that their society was in rebirth of a new age. B/c middle ages is over. iii. Jacob Burckhardt – talked about the Renaissance in his book. iv. The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy-1860, Italy at this time was the rebirth of a new world. Saw it as a secular movement not a religious one. B. The Making of Renaissance Society - it was mainly urban, and independent city States. Venice, Milan, Etc. Rediscovering, ancient cities of the geeks. i. Economic Recovery - a. Expansion of Trade 1. Flanders – N. France. 2. Hanseatic League – New trading power in Northern Germany. 3. 1500, > 80 cities – in the league. And had monopoly for almost 200 years. Was able to control trade because the Venetians died under the black death. b. Industries Old and New machines, and Mines- gold, silver. c. Banking and the Medici - in Florence. 1. 7 cities - that they had a branch of their bank. Largest bank. Main bankers for the popes. 1494- the family was kicked Out of Florence. ii. Social Changes in the Renaissance a. Introduction 1. 1 st estate clergy 2. 2 nd estate nobles 3. 3 rd estate peasants, townspeople b. The Nobility –spent a lot of money, to keep status. 1. Baldassare Castiglione (1478-1529) - poor nobles, marry rich merchants. By 1500 the aristocracy is making a come back. 2. The Book of the Courtier – 1528- handbook for nobles. Must be endowed with certain graces, and participate in military And must be interested in the arts. And must Be modest, “ the reason for all of this, is so because they must tell the king the truth. B/c your educated. Honest, truthful” c. Peasants and Townspeople 1. 85-90% are peasants. Its different in N. Italy. 2. Patricians –top of towns social heirchary. )trade, industry, bank 3. Burghers –shop keeper, artisiants, guild members/masters. 4. Unpropertied workers, unemployed – who didn’t owned property. 5. 30-40% - were workers that didn’t own property. d. Slavery in the Renaissance 1. Reconquista - Spain. Christians taking over.
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2. Eastern Mediterranean & Black Sea - slaves imported after the black death. ! Tartars, Russians, Albanians, Dalmatians
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XII - [email protected] XII Recovery and Rebirth The...

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