The Late Middle Ages: Crisis and Disintegration in the 14
A Time of Troubles: Black Death and Social Crisis
Famine and Population
“little ice age”
1300AD max population, moving from country, to city.
10% population dies from famine.
The Black Death
Yersinia pestis- lived in feas, carried by rats.
– when lymphnodes that swell. In arms, and groin.
killes who catch it.
- air borne version. Sever coughing.
Spread of the Plague
it dissapers, but the Mongols spread it in china,
and then traders spread it west.
1346 - Black Sea, Caffa
has the black plague,
October 1347 Sicily
gets it, and from their followed the
Italian cities 50-60% because they were trade cities.
Germany 40,000 areas where people lived, that vanished.
1347 - 1351,
20 to 40 million
- other big outbreaks.
Cycles until 1500 AD
on a 5-12 year cycle.
Life and Death: Reactions to the Plague
- people go on drinking
binges, and orgies, and some go to church because
it’s a punishment from god, and was sent by satin.
- ones who became popular, Christian groups
and went around hitting them selves with whips.
Showing their trying to get got to forgive them for sins.
Some blamed Jews for the plague,
October 1349, pope condimmened them.
1351, 60 Jewish communities
were wiped out. and slot of
jews were fleeing to Poland and Russia.
burned several thousands at steak,
and KIDS were forcefully baptized. Jews money was
taken. “ if the jews were poor, and the nobles,
of the city didn’t owe them money this massacre
would have never happened.”
Economic Dislocation and Social Upheaval
Introduction- population decrease.
3 estates: men of war, men of prayer, men of labor