X - X. The Rise of Kingdoms and the Growth of Church Power...

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X. The Rise of Kingdoms and the Growth of Church Power (NOBELS HAVE REACHED maximum power) A. The Emergence and Growth of European Kingdoms (1000 - 1300) i. Introduction - Monetary economy is starting. ii. England in the High Middle Ages a. Introduction 1. 1016 Danes- invaded and took over. He kept local laws, and supported catholic church. 2. 1042 Anglo-Saxons - Edward the Confessor dies in 1066 3. 1066 Harold Godwinson - 4. William of Normandy - family of Edward. 5. 1066 Hastings - Normans invade England and take over. b. William of Normandy (1066-1087) - treated England as a royal asset. 1. 1086 Domesday Book - who and what owned what land. 2. Royal Demesne 1/5 of land was set aside for the royal government. The rest is given to them, bc all the land is the kings. Everyone Who lived in England were now vassles. 3. 1086 Oath of Salisbury Plain - what all the sub-vassals oathed that they give their oath to the KING not nobel. 4. Counties/shires, shire-reeve/sheriff - all officials were Norman. - King of England, and Duke of Normandy, which is a vassal of the King of France. c. Henry II (1154-1189) 1. Plantagenet dynasty -increased kings power. 2. Exchequer - Royal Deposit. 3. Common Law – was est. with the royal court. 4. Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Becket, 1170 – He thought that he could punish clergyman. Becket, was murdered, a couple days after Christmas. Becomes St. Thomas. d. King John and Magna Carta (1199-1216) – Henry Youngest son. 1. 1215 Runnymede - “Great Charter” - forced john to sign the document. Placed certain restrictions on the kings and gave power back to the nobles. And they could be put in jail, and only be tried by jury of peers of Nobles. e. Edward I and the Emergence of Parliament (1272-1307) 1. as one country and could not get Scotland to join. . 2. Scotland - William Wallace 1297-1305 when he fought GB Edward wants to get power back to the King. 3. Great Council: greater barons, chief prelates, king’s advisors & judges 4. 1295: 2 knights, 2 residents (burgesses)- from each county, and from
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city and towns. To come to council to convience them that they needed a new tax system. 5. Parliament - first meeting of Parliament. 6. House of Lords, House of Commons , after this the king was not the only ruler in England. He had to share power. iii. The Growth of the French Kingdom . a. Introduction 1. Capetians 2. Île de France b. The Conquests of Philip II (1180-1223) - retakes a lot of land back. 1.
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course WESTERN CI 2023 taught by Professor Gradstudent during the Spring '08 term at Arkansas.

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X - X. The Rise of Kingdoms and the Growth of Church Power...

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