IX - IX The Recovery and Growth of European Society in the...

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The Recovery and Growth of European Society in the High Middle Ages (1000 - 1300) A. Land and People in the High Middle Ages i. Introduction a. Climate change b. 1000 AD - 38 million c. 1300 AD - 74 million ii. The New Agriculture a. Introduction 1. More land than ever in Europe. b. Technological Changes 1. Iron 2. Plow ! carruca –metal plow ! aratrum - wood plow 3. Horses, and IRON is expensive. Horse colllar, iron horseshoes 4. Watermills, windmills both are being used a lot more. c. The Three-Field System 1. Crop rotation SPRING, AUTUMN, FALLOW. Gives better crops. iii. The Life of the Peasantry a. Introduction - lived in order of the seasons. b. Holidays and the Village Church 1. Christmas, Easter, Pentecost 2. Mass c. The Peasant Household - area had the forest, ten I was wood/ mostly stone. Usually had two rooms. Poor- only had one. d. Family and the Role of Women . Family size is MOM, DAD and usually 2-3 kids. Women took care of house, cooked, weaved cloths. e. The Peasant Diet 1. Bread 2. Legumes 3. Ale- common drinks for Peasants. iv. Aristocracy of the High Middle Ages a. Introduction 1.3 groups. Men of war, men of prayer, men of labor b. The Significance of the Aristocracy - c. The Men of War - church set down ground rules. Not attacking men of clergy, and women, had to respect churches, and outlawed fighting on holy days an feast days. Knight hood cloths have holy symbols on it. (cross) – when they knights went to battle they went with a cross on their front, and when they came back they got a cross on their back, to let everyone know that they surived battle. d. Castles - more and more are being built, 1. Where you lived 2. Their defensible. e.
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IX - IX The Recovery and Growth of European Society in the...

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