APUSH Chapter 13 - Mitchell Maxwell Mr Freccia Chapter 13 7 October 2014 1 2 3 4 5 The rise of a mass democracy 1824-1840 The corrupt bargain of 1824 a

APUSH Chapter 13 - Mitchell Maxwell Mr Freccia Chapter 13 7...

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Mitchell MaxwellMr. FrecciaChapter 137 October 2014The rise of a mass democracy 1824-18401)The “corrupt bargain” of 1824a)Last of old style elections between hazy republicans John Quincy Adams, Clay, William Crawford, and Andrew Jackson-very sketchy voting processi)Clay (eliminated but speaker of house) could choose winner-John Quincy Adams because close politically1)clay became secretary of stateii)Corrupt bargain-Adams offered clay secretary spot for president spot, angered manyb)Showed what was common practice now not so common-no more elections behind closed doors2)A Yankee misfit in the white housea)John Quincy Adams-rough president. Super icy guy, nobody liked him. Great thinker but not good politician-state crafti)came in in bad circumstances-nobody really liked him, hard to win overii)extremely stubborn-didn’t motivate peopleiii)Extremely nationalist in time of states-rights supportiv)curbed speculation in westb)did alot of things that irked people and made him unpopular to everyone3)Going ‘whole hog’ for Jackson in 1828a)Split into two republican groups-national (adams-wanted stronger federal supported nationalism) and democratic (Jackson-states rights)i)a lot of political slander on both opponents-mudslinging (adams was a pimp/wasted money, jackson’s mom was a prostitute)b)Election day-split lines for statesi)jackson got south and west, adams had northeast (new england)-middle states dividedc)Jackson cleaned up in electoral vote 178-83-political power had shifted from eastern seaboard to new and emerging states4)“Old Hickory” as presidenta)Total beast-big guy and looked rough/tough, rough upbringing-fighteri)went to tennessee began political journey-judge/congressmanii)unique-west/college education, more country-didn’t fit into single categoryb)Inauguration-roughnecks came from everywhere to seec)‘king mob’-jacksonian vulgarity replaced jeffersonian simplicity5)The Spoils systema)enacted system of rewarding political supporters with public officers (suspicious of federal government)-to the victor go the spoils
b)each generation deserved its turn at the political trough-didn’t want to build an aristocratic officeholding classi)time for cleaning in Washington-first party change in a while needed overhaulii)led to scandal-dumbies put in office do dumb thingsc)engaged two party order-people had to pick a side and stick with it through thick and thin6)The tricky ‘tariff of abominations’a)tariffs always a touchy issue-passed to Jackson-protected americans but made

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