Germany 2 - Germany 2/21/08 Institutions: Federal...

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Germany 2/21/08 Institutions: Federal parliamentary System Constitution -From 1949-90, The ‘Gundgesetz’ (Basic law) functioned as a provisional or interim constitution, pending unification of West Germany (democratic) and East Germany (Under soviet Occupation) -After unification on 1990, East Germans were allowed to vote on the Basic Law and following their approval, it became the official German Constitution. Federal Government President -Ceremonial/weak head of the state except in time of ‘parliamentary crisis’ where a majority government cant be formed. -In such situations, President can decide to allow “minority’ government to form or o call new elections. -President is elected by special federal Convention of all Bundestag + equal number of state legislators. Chancellor -Head of Dominant party in lower house, is chosen by majority vote in that chamber. Though Britain and Germany are both parliamentary systems, there are Three aspects of the German system which make the Chancellor weaker than the British Prime Ministers. Principle of Ministerial Autonomy. -Basic law stipulates Chancellor only had authority to issue general policy guidelines, while ministers are free to draft specific policies/legislation so long as it is consistent with Chancellor’s principles. Federalism -Central government (headed by Chancellor) must share power with states. Constitutional Court
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Germany 2 - Germany 2/21/08 Institutions: Federal...

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