RUSSIA - RUSSIA RUSSIA 10:57:00 AM Russian Federation...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
RUSSIA 06/03/2008 10:57:00 RUSSIA Russian Federation Historical background     Centuries of cultural, political and economic isolation from Europe left Russia in  position of being a sort of “backward superpower” By the time of the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, old regime has largely crumbled  in face of competition of West.  Characteristics of Tsarist Russia     POLITICAL BACKWARDNESS Absolutism     :  Tsar exercised absolute power over ‘subjects’ (not citizens) Patrimonialism     : Philosophy that ruler ‘owns; (not governs) country. Orthodoxy     :  Alliance with Russian Orthodox church, which preached obedience.  ECONOMIC UNDERDEVELOPMENT -Overwhelmingly poor, rural and agricultural economy; no industrialization.  AUTHORITIAN POLICE STATE
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
-Extensive use of coercion applied through cast network of military/police  personnel, most significantly the ‘OKHRANA’ (Tsarist secret police) COLLAPSE OF TSARIST SYSTEM     Bolshevik Revolution (1917) -Weakness of system, plus enormous stress of WWI, led to its disintegration and  overthrow by Bolsheviks (communist revolutionaries) under leadership of Vladimir  Lenin.  -Establishment of Union of Soviet Socialist republics (USSR) SOVIET UNION: INSTITUTIONAL STRUTURES     Essentially compromised of three parallel structures/hierarchies, each with  different functions -PARTY -BUREAUCRACY -‘STATE” PARTY: COMMUNIST PARTY OF THE SOVIET UNION     CPSU -Control function -Constitutional Monopoly. - Democratic Centralism-  Style of decision making where discussion/debate is  allowed at highest level, but once policy is chosen, everyone follows the PARTYLINE  (principles of a political party o which loyal members are expected o adhere) -Interlocking membership.
Background image of page 2
BUREAUCRACY      -IMPLEMENTTION FUNCTION -‘Apparatchik’:   full-time party worker/bureaucrat, “man of the apparatus” -Nomenklatura:  System for filling sensitive positions within bureaucracy with  trusted Party members.  -Command Economy:  system in which govt., not the market, determines what will  be produced. GOSPLAN : soviet agency responsible for central planning.  STATE     -LEGITIMATION FUNCTION -Rubber Stamp parliament.  - CENTRALIZED FEDERALISM - Centralized system in which states/provinces  are given powers on paper which they cannot actually exercise.  SIMILARITIES BETWEEN COLLAPSE OF TSARIST AND SOVIET SYSTEMS     Ethnic Problems     :    failed to resolve problem of “Nationalities” Illegitimacy:      Over reliance on Coercion. 
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 13

RUSSIA - RUSSIA RUSSIA 10:57:00 AM Russian Federation...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online